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JavaScript or Ruby: which programming language should you learn?

Do you have doubts between the JavaScript or Ruby? We show you their differences.

There are so many programming languages ​​available that choosing one can be difficult. JavaScript and Ruby are two of the most well-known languages ​​for good reason. We have created this guide to inform you and allow you to make an informed decision about which one is best for you. Of course, don’t forget that in programming there is no wrong answer, only different ways to achieve the same goal.

What is JavaScript?

JavaScript is an interpreted, high-level, multi-paradigm, dynamically typed language that complies with the ECMAScript standard. If it seems like we are speaking to you in another language, don’t worry. Let’s define each term:

JavaScript: interpreted

This word means the opposite of “compiled.” And what does it mean? A  compiled language is one whose source code must be translated into machine language (a bytecode language based on 1s and 0s) using a compiler, which is a program that allows your computer to understand and execute the code. An interpreted language is not pre-compiled; Instead, an interpreter reads the code line by line and executes the instructions without the need for a precompiled code base. 

JavaScript: high level

The term “high-level” is relative, but the consensus is that JavaScript is. A high-level language abstracts the details of the machine on which it runs; and provides developers with tools (language elements) that make it easier for them to think and solve problems without having to worry about the details of how the computer works. After all, to change a light bulb you need a degree in electrical engineering as much as a computer science degree to program. 

JavaScript: multiparadigma

As you delve into the world of technology, you will hear this popular term more and more. As programming languages ​​evolve, their maintainers add features from other languages ​​that can be useful for software development services. This means that as they grow, they become more and more similar to each other. What does this have to do with the “multiparadigm”? 

JavaScript is a multi-paradigm in the sense that its features are associated with languages ​​that would be considered functional or object-oriented, which are two completely independent paradigms. We explain it better: 

  • JavaScript is functional because functions are “first-class citizens” and can be passed, returned, and consumed by other functions. 
  • You can write fully functional code in JavaScript using only function composition. 
  • JavaScript is also object-oriented: it allows you to create objects that inherit from other objects and complex data structures that a “purely functional” language would never support.

JavaScript: dynamically typed

As with many other interpreted languages, JavaScript features dynamic typing, that is, the consistency of the types assigned to variables, parameters, and functions is not checked before the code is executed. This feature has several advantages, but also some drawbacks. It allows custom software development companies to write short scripts very quickly, but can also lead to hours and hours of frustration when a type mismatch causes an error that would never have happened with a statically typed language. 

With this in mind, if you are looking for a language that complies with the ECMAScript standard, but with strong and static typing,  TypeScript is for you.

You don’t have to perfectly understand the terms we just defined to write good JavaScript code, but as a developer, you should know the details of the tools you use. 

In the case of JavaScript, it’s pretty simple: JavaScript is the de facto front-end web development programming language and the overwhelming majority of websites use it for their client-side scripts; Any serious web browser will contain JavaScript language dedicated to running code efficiently on user devices.

Is JavaScript right for me?

  • Do you want to be a front-end web developer? So yes, JavaScript is exactly the language you should learn. 
  • Would you like to be a back-end web developer? In that case, JavaScript is a great option, but there are many other languages ​​and frameworks to choose from.
  • Or do you prefer to become a full-stack web developer? So yes, yes, and a thousand times yes. JavaScript will allow you to write all the components of your applications with ease. 

The best ways to learn JavaScript

It’s a concept introduced by Malcolm Gladwell that basically means that the more you do something, the better it will get. Gladwell claims that only after practicing something for 10,000 hours do you become an expert. And while we can’t guarantee that this is what you need to become a programming ace, we can give you some advice: get to work as soon as possible! 

If it seems too obvious to you, these are other ways to learn:

  • Sign up for a bootcamp! You will receive expert guidance with clear learning objectives and real-time feedback on your progress.
  • Follow the guides on the official JavaScript website.
  • Use a book! Try  Eloquent JavaScript, by Marjin Haverbeke, or JavaScript: The Definitive Guide, by David Flanagan.

I already know JavaScript: so what language should I learn?

If you already know JavaScript, chances are you’re a front-end web developer. JavaScript is the logical choice for your job and there are no serious alternatives on the market. Instead, if you’re wondering what language you should learn next , you’ll probably want to expand your skills to broaden your competencies. In that case, consider learning Python, Java, C or… Exactly: Ruby!


Python is very similar to JavaScript in that it is also an interpreted, high-level, multi-paradigm, dynamically typed language. As if that were not enough, it is also often classified as one of the most popular languages ​​in the world , which means that there is a huge community of users who can answer any question you have and thousands of user-tested libraries that will help you do everything you want, only faster. 


Java is another great option. Unlike JavaScript, this language is compiled, high-level, object-oriented, and statically typed. You will have to do things and approach problems differently due to the nature of the differences between the two. And you won’t have any problem learning it, since there are plenty of great books on the subject. 


C doesn’t look like any of the options mentioned above; It is a compiled, low-level, statically typed language. To learn C, you’ll need to become familiar with pointers and pointer arithmetic. You’ll soon miss the features of other high-level languages ​​that you took for granted, such as garbage collection. C is incredibly fast and every piece of hardware you use has a built-in C compiler. If you know how to program in C, you can write a computer program anywhere.


If you already know JavaScript, consider learning Ruby. Like JavaScript, Ruby is an interpreted, high-level, multi-paradigm, dynamically typed language. It is influenced by many of the same languages ​​that influenced the creation of JavaScript, but it has one big difference: Ruby’s primary purpose is programmer productivity. 

What is Ruby?

Let’s refresh your memory: Ruby is an interpreted, high-level, multi-paradigm, dynamically typed language, initially created as an object-oriented scripting language  (it was the first of its kind at the time), but has since added several features that make it as valuable as Python and Java. What’s the trick? More than a “language,” Ruby is a design philosophy; Ruby’s main goal is to create happy and productive programmers.

Is Ruby right for me?

That depends on your objectives:

  • If you want to program software and are looking for a language that prioritizes the happiness of the programmer, Ruby is just what you are looking for. 
  • If you want a popular, powerful, and easy-to-learn language, choose Ruby! 

As it was designed as a scripting language, but has evolved into a general-purpose beast, it is very easy to start writing code and explore all the features that Ruby has to offer. 

The best ways to learn Ruby

There are many ways to learn Ruby, it all depends on your learning preferences:

  • Have some reference manuals on hand, such as Programming Ruby 3.2, by Noel Rappin, or Eloquent Ruby, by Russ Olsen.
  • Continue with the completion of a project from one of the previous books.
  • Learn  Ruby Koans.
  • Choose a project and start programming! 

Whatever your choice, remember that achieving perfection takes time and doesn’t happen overnight. The trick to getting good at something is to persist: decide how you want to learn, to practice, and in no time you’ll be programming in Ruby. 

I already know Ruby: so what language should I learn?

If you already know Ruby, then you already know the easiest-to-use language ever created: the rest of the languages ​​you learn from now on will make you question the reason for all its features. However, depending on your goals, you have excellent options: 

  • If you want to be a front-end web developer, we advise you to learn JavaScript. 
  • If you prefer to become a back-end web developer, you have many more options, but Java or Python are two logical options widely used by the industry. 
  • If you’re just interested in learning something new and exciting, consider learning a purely functional language like Haskell.

A Journey into the World of Blockchain

Step out into the world of blockchain technology and get acquainted with its amazing realm. From its very beginning till the present day as one of the most powerful landmarks of digital advancement, blockchain has disrupted this area, revealing new measures of decentralization security, as well as increasing transparency. This guide will bring you into its labyrinth, giving an insight into its inner functions, uses, and the future I predict for it.

What is Blockchain?

Blockchain is intuitively a decentralized digital log that is shared across several computers and records transactions. This way the blockchain is protected from any single actor that might try and alter any recorded transaction without great effort since even a tiny of block alteration will lead to re-calculation and rewriting of the whole transaction chain algorithm. Mount an investigation into the core of blockchain, which comprises cryptography, consensus mechanisms, and block creation.

The Evolution of Blockchain

1. Provide an Early Stages

2008: The idea of blockchain came up when that entity identified itself as Satoshi Nakamoto, the entity who also created Bitcoin, a peer-to-peer digital currency, published their paper on blockchain, the underlying technology behind Bitcoin. The idea was to make a way of recording transactions on different computers and using a network of computers to provide transparency and security and be able to do this without the need for a central authority.

2. Expansion and Adaptation

2011-2014: The technology was under increasing recognition till it became known not only for Bitcoin. New coins like Bitcoin and Ethereum were issued making the number of cryptocurrencies more varied and introducing new concepts such as smart contracts (Ethereum) that led to the broader application of Blockchain technology beyond just financial transactions.

3. With the arrival of ICOs, the Diversification Era happens in the digital platform.

2015-2017: The readily available blockchain space during this time saw a rise in Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) serving as an alternative route for startups to bypass the arduous and regulated procedure of capital-raising practice required by venture capitalists or banks. This age is also marked by the diversification of the blockchain areas where it is adopted e.g. it spreads to such sectors as supply chain management, healthcare, and digital identity verification.

4. Having Regulations and adoption of such businesses into mainstream society.

2018-Present: With time, a framework of laws that guide trading and integration of blockchain into the ordinary financial systems started to emerge, and hence aimed at protecting the investors and at the same time integrating blockchain into mainstream financial systems. Embedded companies of the highest level as well as governments began to try the use of blockchain in many key moments of life, like rationalizing the logistics or increasing the openness of governmental arrangements.

5. Innovations and The Following Stuff

Decentralized Finance (DeFi): It has become a significant trend for industries to take advantage of blockchain in such a way that they build new financial products in a system that omits central financial intermediaries based on distributed ledger technology.

Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs): Be a focal point that provides the ownership of unique assets to individual members that use blockchain technology as a base rather than them having to buy hard copies of the assets.

Web3 and Decentralization: The idea of the decentralized internet enabling blockchain with users having more authority over their data and online experiences is part of a project to develop this.

How Blockchain Works

Blocks, Nodes, and Miners

Blocks: Transactions and the last record in the blockchain are the block’s content and the easiest way to understand the structure of blockchain technology so that we can have a concrete picture of blockchain. In the final phase of its life cycle, a block is added to the blockchain as a read-only database just like a transaction’s funeral. Each time a block gets completed, a new one is generated, forming a chain of blocks: a blockchain!

Nodes: Consequently, a node is a computer that is connected to the network blockchain which will likewise download a copy of the blockchain to it upon the joining of the network. Nodes therefore represent the greatest value in terms of decentralization and security of the network. They obtain transactions that block privacy and generate trust in a database by detecting fraudulent activities.

Miners: The miners or node workers are the ones responsible for the crime processing of blocks before performing the addition to the structure of the blockchain. Here, the process is based on solving a complicated puzzle whose answer depends on computational power. Only the one that solves or verifies the previous puzzle correctly is rewarded, usually using the blockchain’s native cryptocurrency exchange development.

Public vs. Private Blockchains

Public Blockchains: The process is decentralized and nodes are not centralized but everyone is welcome to join. Transactions running on the public blockchains are open for public scrutiny and are immune to manipulation. Bitcoin and Ethereum are two public blockchains that are mixed up with the roles of the different stakeholders and key participants.

Private Blockchains: They are managed by a solitary entity or a group of whomever, hence the private blockchains remain closed to the general public. They run on a censored and pin-down access network, and thus, they provide faster transaction speed and better privacy. Private blockchains are usually built around a consortium of organizations. These private blockchain networks are high-level in their blend of security, permissions, and even custom application architecture.

Consensus Mechanisms

Proof of Work (PoW): A consensus mechanism, in which participants (miners) are needed to deal with intricate mathematical problems to validate business decisions and to support new. Bitcoin uses (PoW), which makes sure that the network is protected and also decentralized but at the same time has produced a high energy cost.

Proof of Stake (PoS): The next alternative to proof of work is the proof of stake (PoS), which requires the network participants to obtain and set aside the native cryptocurrency to validate and confirm new blocks. To save energy, it uses PeaCe instead of PoW. It is used by networks such as Ethereum’s 2.0 version.

Cryptocurrencies (Bitcoin, Ethereum)

Cryptos are, certainly, the most popular use case in blockchain development companies. They have redefined the concept of online finance, bringing secure, transparent, and decentralized financial transactions into reality through the very Internet.

Smart contracts and decentralized finance (DeFi) implement strategies closely related to Cryptographic Trust, one of the foundations of the blockchain universe.

Smart Contracts: Smart- or self-executing contracts in which the terms of the contract are explicitly embedded in the words. On a contractual basis, they enforce and execute them whenever a certain condition is met. The coding language of Ethereum is named Solidity.

DeFi: It is a financial instrument created to digitize financial processes using either cryptocurrency or blockchain mechanisms that aim at de-intermediating banking. Through DeFi, people can lend and borrow funds from others, enter into derivative transactions to speculate on price movements of different assets,  cryptocurrency exchange software development, and insure their assets against risks of getting interest payments in the process it.

Supply Chain Transparency

The absence of a central authority maintains the integrity of the system, and documenting the whole production, shipment, and receipt process across the globe makes it impossible to hack. It, thus, boosts the transparency of goods and curbs the costs caused by counterfeit and gray markets by improving compliance.

Voting Systems

Blockchain can be the platform for the implementation of safe, transparent, and immutable voting mechanisms. The implementation of transactions as votes whereby all votes are counted and no voter can tamper with the electoral materials is enhanced by the use of blockchain consulting services. It gives an easy-to-access manner of voting, which in turn could involve more people in voting and create trust in election processes.

Identity Verification

Blockchain can serve to guarantee a more safe and effective way of digital identity asset management. Blockchain’s qualities of immutability and irreparable record of identity information can check fraud activities and provide access to identity verification processes that are secure and fast, which is important for banks, healthcare, and government services.

Design a scenario in which blockchain technology can revolutionize business. Highlight the latest developments, possible use cases, and the difficulties that are expected to face. From 1392 to 1400 the reign of the ruler known as Timurs. With that in mind, many people tend to hold that the Credit for the rise of the Mongols should go to the man known to history by the name of AMDODodon Timur (Tamerlane), Mongol in Try how blockchain can represent breakthrough once more, in fields like internet of things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), and much more.

Challenges and Considerations


Among the main bottlenecks that are currently taken on by blockchain technology is its scalability. With blockchains such as Bitcoin and Ethereum being very popular and attracting more and more customers, they have a really hard time handling transactions quickly due to their reliance on Distributed Base. The issue lies in the inherent design of most blockchains: every transaction needs to go through the validation process using the network of nodes and so it may potentially slow down and require larger sums of money for the payments caused by the congestion of the network.

Current Limitations: 

As an example, Bitcoin can manage to deal with up to 7 transactions per second, while Ethereum reduces it to 30 per second. Namely, there is a considerable gap between the number of transactions conducted by Visa’s centralized payment system, which is thousands per second, and hence the decentralized network limits the speed of the transactions.

Potential Solutions: Means such as layer 2 protocols including Bitcoin (e.gThe Lightning Network) and Ethereum roll-ups and Ethereum’s transition from Proof of Work to Proof of Stake consensus mechanism are tools that aim to relieve scalability issues through increasing the transaction processing ability without inputting the decentralization and safety aspects.

Regulatory Hurdles

Blockchain works in a somewhat new and fast-evolving space that would inevitably result in the clarifications and the presence of key puzzles regarding regulations. Different countries are working to accommodate crypto and blockchain technologies in a way that could either be fully supportive or result in full restrictions.

Compliance and Legal Frameworks: Led by this complex legal system, blockchain projects businesses and cryptocurrency cancellations can cause a challenge. The regulator’s role should ensure the innovation is favored but without exposing consumers to scams and unlawful dealings such as the illegal use of cryptos. An example of crypto stability is ensured through the use of blockchain or smart contracts.

Adaptation and Acceptance:

 Similarly, as the technology of blockchains keeps developing adaptively, the regulatory frameworks must also keep doing so for the use of such a technology. This factor implies a delicate equilibrium, enabling regulations to be dynamic enough and flexible enough to accommodate the growth and innovation of innovators, and at the same time stringent enough to protect stakeholders’ interests.

Environmental Impact

The ecological footprint of the blockchain technology including those operating under the protocol Proof of Work, PoW, is currently rising as one of the intractable problems to solve. The PoW power is so huge, requiring much computational power, generating in the process a lot of energy and as a consequence significant carbon footprint.

Energy Consumption:

 There is an environmental question mark hanging over the electron energy consumption of something like Bitcoin which is equivalent to the electrical energy of a small country.

Sustainable Alternatives: 

This raises the question of energy efficiency that the blockchain development community focused on, suggesting PoS–a more energy-efficient consensus mechanism than PoW–that the Ethereum 2.0 upgrade employs. Yet, there has been a trend in the development of alternative energy sources and carbon offset programs as ways in which the impact on the environment may be reduced.

Moving Forward

Though blockchain technology perfectly shows its potential, finding an answer to these issues is necessary for its future existence to shine. The scalability advancements, adjustment of relevant regulations, and the responsibility to be environmentally mindful are quintessential steps that will secure a prosperous and reliable digital era.


Being an explorer of the options blockchain technology offers, we identify the ability of the technology to cause real disruption in several areas. There goes a time of abrupt digital transformation, blockchain which is on the verge of favoring us with unheard-of transparency, security, and efficiency levels.

Hubspot – How to add a custom field in the HubSpot blog post and listing template?

Hubspot tutorial to add a custom field in the Hubspot blog post template and show them on the blog detail page and listing page. For example: we want to add different content and change the summary or description on the listing page of the blog, like on the author page, blog page, tag page, etc. First, we find what template is in use, find if we need to create the child theme, create or edit the blog post template, create or edit the blog listing template, and show a different summary than the existing truncated body content.

Find which template is used in the Hubspot blog

To find the template and theme used in the Hubspot blog, follow the following steps:

Find Hubspot blog name
  1. Click on the setting icon at the top right corner
  2. Then in the Left menu, find Tools >> Website >> Blog
  3. Then, click the Templates tab
  4. Now, you can see the Blog Post Template name, here the name is “2024 Blog Post Template”, this is the blog or article detail page
  5. To get the blog listing page, click the “Edit page” in the Blog Listing Page section, then the Settings tab, and then in the Advanced options, you can see the template name.
Hubspot blog listing template

There are two templates for the Hubspot blog, one blog listing page, and the individual blog posts. With the above steps, you can now know which file is used for the blog listing and post templates. Now you need to find the files on the Design Tools.

Blog Post Template code

To get the Blog Post Template, go to Settings >> Tools >> Website >> Blog >> Templates tab and see the Blog Post template >> click the Actions >> Click edit.

Hubspot blog post template code

You will see similar codes below:

Blog listing template code

If you see “Create child theme“, then you need to create a theme file in your child theme. We are not discussing that part as in this tutorial we are showing how to add the custom field in the blog post, so either you need to create the Blog Post Template or find it in the active theme. Once you find the file you can verify the name label and template type as blog_post. It is something like below at the top of the code section

  templateType: blog_post
  isAvailableForNewContent: true
  label: 2024 Blog Post Template

Add custom field code in Hubspot Post Template

As planned we wanted to add the text field to add the custom summary, so for that, we need to add the text module and the code is like below:

<div class="blog_custom_summary">
            {% module "blog_custom_summary" path="@hubspot/text", label="Enter Blog Custom Summary", value="" %}

You don’t need to add export_to_template_context=True on the above code, if you add it, it will not show in the blog.

Custom Field hubspot blog

With this code when you add or edit the blog post, then you will able to see the field in the Contents tab, and you can see the “Enter Blog Custom Summary”

Contents Hubspot

Click the “Enter Blog Custom Summary”, and you will see the input box below, where you can enter the text which will show up in blog area as well.

Hubspot blog custom field

Blog listing page template code change to show the custom field

Now, we want to show this custom summary on the blog listing page as well, so go to Settings >> Left column >> Tools >> Website >> Blog >> Templates tab >> Blog Listing Page section >> Edit Page >> Settings tab >> Advanced Options >> Template section >> Edit this template. To verify the blog listing page, you can see the code below at the top of the page.

  templateType: blog_listing
  isAvailableForNewContent: true
  label: 2024 Blog Post Template

In this code page, you can add the following code to show the custom summary where it is needed.

{{ content.widgets.blog_custom_summary.body.value }}

You can implement it as per your needs and add it where it is needed.

Hubspot blog listing page custom field

We did something like below to show the custom summary just below the post title.

{%- if content.widgets.blog_custom_summary.body.value -%}
    {{ content.widgets.blog_custom_summary.body.value|safe|striptags|truncate(theme.blog.blog_listing.truncate_at|default(90))}}
{%- else -%}
    {%- set summary = content.post_summary|safe|striptags -%}
    {%- if theme.blog.blog_listing.summary == 'meta' -%}
    {%- set summary = content.meta_description|safe|striptags -%}
    {%- endif -%}
    {%- if theme.blog.blog_listing.truncate -%}
    {{ summary|truncate(theme.blog.blog_listing.truncate_at|default(90)) }}
    {%- else -%}
    {{ summary }}
    {%- endif -%}
{%- endif -%}


In this way, you can add custom fields in the Hubspot blog post template and Hubspot blog listing template and show them in the front end. In this Hubspot tutorial, we added a custom field in the Hubspot blog post template and showed it on the blog detail page and listing page. Hope you liked this HubSpot tutorial, please subscribe to our YouTube Channel. You can also find us on Webocreation Twitter and Webocreation Facebook. Please let us know if you have any questions or concerns. You can see more HubSpot tutorials here. We are HubSpot-certified developers based in Phoenix Arizona USA, so if you have any projects about HubSpot please let us know or you can email us directly at webocreation.com@gmail.com. Please have a look at our other Salesforce, Marketo, Pardot, and Hubspot articles

Gmail Email promotions with deals and product carousel, useful for e-commerce email

Only today, we noticed two things one is email deals and another is the products carousel that shows on the Gmail mobile app, so we found out Gmail Email annotations bring email messages in the Promotions tab to life with features such as images, deals, and expiration dates. So we started to dig more and see how we can do similar things in use in the eCommerce email promotion. Here is an image of the email that we saw:

eCommerce Email annotations

How do the promotions and offers show up in the email of the Gmail App?

To show the promotions and offers in the email of the Gmail App, maybe it will show in others as well but now we see only on the Gmail App, for that you need to read the Email Annotations of Gmail.

Deal Annotation

To create the deal show up, you need to add the following scripts in your emails, the below script tag should be in the head section of the email

<script type="application/ld+json">
        "@context": "http://schema.org/",
        "@type": "DiscountOffer",
        "description": "DESCRIPTION",
        "discountCode": "DISCOUNT_CODE",
        "availabilityStarts": "START_DATE_TIME",
        "availabilityEnds": "END_DATE_TIME"

Change the details as per your product offer.

Product Carousel

You can create product carousels as well and display multiple images of the products in the emails, you can add up to 10 images, and for that, you need to add the following scripts in your emails, the below script tag should be in the head section of the email

<script type="application/ld+json">
        // Build the first image preview in your product carousel:
          "@context": "http://schema.org/",
          "@type": "PromotionCard",
          "image": "IMAGE_URL1",
          "url": "PROMO_URL1",

          // Optionally, include the following PromotionCard properties:
          "headline": "HEADLINE1",
          "price": PRICE1,
          "priceCurrency": "PRICE_CURRENCY1",
          "discountValue": DISCOUNT_VALUE1,
          "position": POSITION

        // Build the second image preview in your product carousel:
          "@context": "http://schema.org/",
          "@type": "PromotionCard",
          "image": "IMAGE_URL2",
          "url": "PROMO_URL2",

          // Optionally, include the following PromotionCard properties:
          "headline": "HEADLINE2",
          "price": PRICE2,
          "priceCurrency": "PRICE_CURRENCY2",
          "discountValue": DISCOUNT_VALUE2,
          "position": POSITION

        // To include more image previews, add additional PromotionCard objects.
        // You can include up to 10 image previews in a product carousel.


Hope this can help you to make your promotion email more beautiful in Gmail. If you want any development help then do not hesitate to contact us and we provide our top-notch support and highly professional development works.

You can also find us on Webocreation TwitterWebocreation Facebook, and subscribe to our YouTube Channel. Please let us know if you have any questions or concerns. You can email us directly at webocreation.com@gmail.com. Please have a look at our other Salesforce, Marketo, Pardot, and Hubspot articles

What Factors Influence the Cost of Hiring a WordPress Website Development Company?

Careful planning is needed to assess costs and delivery when designing and developing a website. The last receipt and the time allotment should be built up from the start. Ensure that the design firm and the client see the project as successful. An accurate estimate can make the difference between a successful project and one that is overvalued and fails. “What factors influence the cost of hiring website development for my project?” is a question many individuals have. That will be covered in the following parts.

Let us disclose the primary factors that influence when you hire a top WordPress development company

Aspects that Impact the Cost of Website Development 

We will tell you the foremost contributing aspects to the overall cost of developing your website.

Website Kind

Web development offers a wide range of alternatives. The tools we employ to develop an app or an e-commerce website differ from those we use to start a personal blog. An expert in WordPress, the most popular content management system, is likely required for a blog project; however, for an eCommerce site, an expert in PrestaShop or Magento will more likely satisfy your needs. Finally, because of its distinct business strategy, your organization might require custom website creation, including specific custom WordPress website development services.


One of the processes that most affects how much developing a website will cost is this one. If templates are ready, the developer will follow your specifications when designing the website, ensuring an optimized user experience. If not, hiring a web UI/UX designer can be preferable, particularly if you want a custom design.

Cost of Website Pages 

There can be one page on a website or five hundred. It should come as no surprise that the more pages a website requires, the more expensive it is to develop. Remember that every product on an e-commerce website has its page.

Integrated Payment Systems

A web page may contain one page or five hundred. It should be no surprise that developing a website costs more than the pages it needs. Remember that each product on an online store has a page. A WordPress website development company can provide effective and customized solutions for your website’s requirements.

Natural Referencing

All the methods that can be used to increase a website’s exposure and draw visitors from search engines are collectively called “natural referencing.” An authority on natural referencing will enhance certain technical and content elements of your website to ensure it appears prominently on Google and other search engine results pages.

Setting up a Directory 

Internal search engines enhance user experience, even though they aren’t always used or required. A website with two or three pages can be OK, but an eCommerce website must always contain a search engine so users can look for the product they want. To add sophisticated features to your website, such as a search engine, hire WordPress developers who can easily include these functions.


The price of developing a website or mobile app varies depending on several factors. Still, upkeep should also be planned, mainly if the website is essential to your company plan. The website’s design and content should be updated periodically.

Without intending to come out as dishonest, let us also remember that breakdowns occasionally occur. In the meantime, hackers continue developing new ways to get around security systems. Ensure that you hire dedicated WordPress developers who can assist you with any problems and guarantee the safety and efficient operation of your website. 

 Please subscribe to our YouTube Channel, follow us on Webocreation Twitter, and like Webocreation Facebook. Please let us know if you have any questions or concerns. If you have any projects about WordPress please let us know or you can email us directly at webocreation.com@gmail.com. Please have a look at our other WordPress articles.

UX Design vs UI Design in 2024: the differences

User experience (UX) refers to the user’s overall interaction and satisfaction when interacting with a product, service, or system. It includes all aspects of user interaction, including usability, accessibility, aesthetics, and overall experience.

Importance of user experience in design

User experience is an integral part of design because it directly influences how users perceive and interact with a product.

Positive UI UX design services improve user satisfaction, loyalty, and trust, while poor UX can lead to frustration, dissatisfaction, and ultimately loss of users.

Designing with a focus on user experience ensures that products are efficient and easy to use.

Evolution of user experience

The field of User Experience has evolved, adapting to technological advances and the changing needs of users. Initially, UX was primarily associated with usability, but it has expanded to include emotional and aesthetic aspects now.

As technology advances, so does the complexity of designing user-friendly interfaces and experiences. In the B2B context, where transactions and interactions can be complex, user experience plays a critical role in driving adoption and user satisfaction.

That is why companies now consider not only functionality and usability but also the overall user experience, including emotional and aesthetic elements when choosing. B2B commerce platforms.  

UX Design Fundamentals

The history of UX design dates back to the early days of human-computer interaction, a time when there was no AI writer to help generate text or create content. The concept became familiar with the advent of personal computers in the 1980s. 

The first efforts focused on improving the usability of the interfaces. Over the years, UX design has combined insights from psychology, cognitive science, and other fields to create simpler, user-centered approaches.

Basic principles of an effective user experience

  • Usability: The product or system must be easy to use, allowing users to achieve their goals with efficiency and minimal frustration.
  • Accessibility: The design must be available to users of all abilities, ensuring that the product is usable by people with disabilities.
  • Consistency: Maintain a consistent design throughout the product to create a predictable and familiar user experience.
  • Clarity: Communicate information, features, and feedback to users, minimizing confusion and misunderstandings. Use trusted communication channels, including cloud phones and real-time messaging platforms, to ensure clear and effective information exchange.
  • Feedback and response time: Provide timely feedback on users’ actions, helping them understand the system’s response and reducing uncertainty.
  • Aesthetics: Consider the visual design and overall user interface to create an attractive and engaging user experience.
  • User-centered design: Involve users in the design process, understanding their needs, preferences, and behaviors to create a more user-centered product.
  • By sticking to these core principles, UX designers can create products that meet user needs and exceed expectations in terms of usability and overall satisfaction.

Emerging trends in UX design

Integration of Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR)

UX design development extends to the integration of Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR), providing users with a wide range of interactive experiences.

AR and VR technologies can perfectly enhance user engagement by combining the digital and physical worlds.

3D designs

3D elements are increasingly used in the design industry. Incorporating 3D designs adds depth and realism to user interfaces, creating visually engaging experiences.

A unique application of this trend is evident in the rise of 3D logo animation, where brands leverage dynamic images to enhance their identity.

Inclusive design and accessibility

As UX design evolves, there is a growing focus on inclusive design and accessibility.

The designers aim to create interfaces that are accessible to a wide range of users, ensuring that everyone, regardless of their abilities or disabilities, can seamlessly access and navigate the website.

AI-generated content

The integration of AI-generated content is revolutionizing the way information is presented and consumed.

UI UX design services now have the option to create dynamic, personalized content, whether for websites, apps, or even advertising. This includes the ability to create ads that adapt to user preferences and behaviors.

Dark mode

Dark mode has gone viral as a user interface option, giving users a visually comfortable and aesthetically pleasing experience.

This trend is not only aesthetically pleasing but also helps reduce eye strain, especially during prolonged periods of device use.

Advanced Cursor Interactions

Innovations in cursor interactions are improving user engagement and navigation. Advanced cursor interactions go beyond traditional mouse movements and incorporate gestures and feedback elements to create a more intuitive user experience.

By incorporating these trends, UX designers can stay abreast of industry advancements, creating experiences that are not only visually appealing but also highly functional and inclusive.

Cross-platform user experiences

Design consistent experiences across devices

Creating a seamless and consistent user experience across devices has become a central goal. Designing cohesive experiences requires a structured approach to ensure that users can effortlessly navigate between devices while maintaining fluid interaction.

Consistency is crucial to shaping a positive and memorable user experience (UX). Many elements that shape coherence are fundamental parts that contribute to the overall cohesion and effectiveness of a design.

Why is consistency so important?

Recognition and familiarity:

Consistency in design ensures that users experience a familiar interface across multiple landing pages. This recognition helps generate a sense of familiarity, making users feel comfortable navigating different sections of a product or website.

Easy to use:

Consistent design patterns and interactions make it easier for users to understand how to navigate and interact with a product. When users are faced with a similar layout or flow, they can anticipate the placement of elements, which reduces cognitive load and improves usability.

Building trust:

Consistency in design allows for a feeling of reliability and professionalism. Users are more likely to trust a product or service that maintains a consistent appearance, as it involves attention to detail and a commitment to quality.

Brand recognition on all platforms:

In the era of cross-platform experiences, it is essential to maintain a consistent UX across multiple devices and channels. Users should make a seamless transition from a website to a mobile app, for example, without experiencing a sudden change in design.

Improved User Engagement:

A consistent, well-branded UX helps improve user engagement. When users have positive, predictable interactions with a product, they are more likely to spend time exploring its features and functionality.

A strong brand creates an emotional connection with users. A brand that consistently communicates its values ​​and personality through its UX design can evoke positive emotions, leading to greater user loyalty and advocacy.

When it comes to online branding, particularly on Instagram, it becomes essential to not only maintain a cohesive brand identity but also actively manage Instagram accounts, engage with the audience effectively, and amplify the emotional resonance established through UX design.

Maintaining consistency in design and integrating strong brand elements is not just about aesthetics; it is a strategic approach to creating a consistent and memorable user experience.

By doing so, designers can build trust, foster brand loyalty, and ultimately contribute to the success of a product or service in the competitive arena.

Interactive Design

Responsive design remains essential, ensuring that digital interfaces adapt seamlessly to various screen sizes and devices. This approach remains crucial to providing a consistent, user-friendly experience across different platforms.

Challenges and strategies 

Overcoming the challenges of cross-platform UX design involves addressing variations in screen sizes, operating systems, and input methods. Strategies include:

Adopt responsive design principles.

Using responsive designs.

Prioritize content hierarchy to optimize user experience regardless of device.

Strategies to improve user engagement

  • Microinteractions
  • Microinteractions, subtle but meaningful design details, play a crucial role in improving user engagement.
  • These small interactions contribute to a positive user experience by providing feedback, guiding users through processes, and adding an element of fun to the overall interaction.
  • Gamification and Interactive Elements
  • Incorporating gamification principles and interactive elements can significantly boost user engagement.
  • Gamified elements, such as rewards, challenges, and progress tracking, create a more immersive and enjoyable experience, encouraging users to interact with the platform and allowing a sense of achievement.

User-centered design thinking

User-centered design thinking involves empathizing with users, defining their needs, proposing solutions, prototyping, and testing.

This approach puts the user at the center of the design process, ensuring that products and experiences meet their expectations and address real-world challenges.

Incorporating feedback for continuous improvement

To achieve continuous improvement, integrating feedback into the design process is essential.

Regularly collecting user feedback through surveys, usability testing, and analytics allows designers to identify areas for improvement and refine their solutions based on real user experiences.

UX in Emerging Technologies

The impact of AI and machine learning on UX

As technology advances, the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) is reshaping the user experience landscape. 

AI improves personalization, automates decision-making processes, and adapts interfaces based on user behavior. Understanding the impact of these technologies is crucial to designing intuitive user experiences.

Integrating UX design into Internet of Things (IoT) products

The Internet of Things (IoT) brings something new to UX design, where connected devices and smart ecosystems demand careful consideration. Designing for IoT involves:

Creating fluid interactions between devices.

Prioritizing user control and privacy.

Ensure a consistent user experience across a network of interconnected products.

This integration requires a special focus on UX design to address the unique challenges that IoT poses.

The evolution of UX design has been on a fascinating journey, from its early roots in human-computer interaction to the current era of AI, machine learning, and IoT. 

In the changing field of UX design, staying up to date on trends and technologies is essential. Key takeaways for UX designers in 2024 include embracing AI and machine learning, adapting to challenges and opportunities, and maintaining a strong commitment to user-centered design principles.

Have you ever stopped to ask yourself: “What do the terms UX and UI mean?” Believe it or not, even people who deal with design daily can confuse the two. As UXPlaneta explains it: “ User experience and user interface are some of the most confusing and misused terms in the field.”

This is not a secret language that you cannot get information about. Phrases like “great UX” and “bad UI” of a design are not jargon that others use. They are used to describe the two most important things that make a website a success or a failure.

If you want to know what the two mean and how they differ, you’ve come to the right place.

Definition of UX and UI

Let’s start by defining what these two terms mean.

UI, or user interface, is anything that users interact with when using a design, digital product, or service. This term captures everything from sounds, lights, screens, keyboards, and behaviors.

To understand it better, we should go back to when it all started.

In the 1970s, people used a command line interface when using a computer. It all started with the programming language and those confusing lines of code, necessary to complete the simplest tasks we do with ease today. Shortly after this, a new invention changed technology completely: the first graphical user interface. From this point on, people could interact with computers through the use of icons, menus, and buttons. This certainly made things easier.

It was at that time that the computer revolution began. Since then, designers have dedicated all their efforts to creating interfaces with the user in mind. If they didn’t do this, their products wouldn’t sell.

Now that the world of technology has advanced beyond anyone’s predictions in the past, the role of the user interface designer is more widespread and demanding. They also have incredible opportunities to create unique designs and make use of modern technology to improve the interface.

However, they could never achieve success without a good user experience.

Maze, a leader in user testing and a popular tool among designers has created an excellent guide on User Interface Design. In this guide, they present a pretty refreshing explanation of the difference between UI and UX: “If you were designing a house, UX would be the foundation, while I would be the paint and furniture.” Fortunately, it’s tools like these that make UX and UI design easier for experts.

So what is UX?

UX, or user experience, has evolved along with improvements to the user interface. It’s how people feel about interactions with technology, whether positive, neutral, or negative. Naturally, designs that provide users with a quality experience are considered successful.

The term user experience dates back to the 1990s when Don Norman, a cognitive scientist employed by Apple at the time, defined it as follows:

“‘User experience’ encompasses all aspects of end users’ interaction with the company, its services, and its products.”

This is now considered a comprehensive definition, but it captures everything that UX does because it does so much for design. Any experience people have with the design of a product or service, whether digital or otherwise, falls under this term.

In other words, UX is about:

How your users discover the product/service

What actions do they take while interacting with your interface

How they feel and what they think during that time

Impressions they take once the interaction is complete

The role of a UX Designer is to ensure that the design meets the needs of consumers and that they achieve the desired result most simply and seamlessly.

UX and UI cannot thrive without each other, so understanding the difference between the two is essential for designers.

The difference between UI and UX

At a basic level, the user interface includes all the elements that allow people to interact with the service or product in question. UX, at a basic level, is what that same user takes away from the experience. Both have a huge effect on user behavior and the future of design.

CareerFoundry visual on this is quite illuminating:


Let’s take a simple example to describe all this. We all know and love Google – it’s the place we go to get our information. The founders of this search engine knew exactly what to do: create a simple place where people can get what they need. Almost anything you need to know, you can get the information in the blink of an eye with this engine.

However, what if getting that information takes too long every time you try to learn something? If it took you, say, 20 seconds to get your results, would you be willing to keep searching?

Google has a fairly direct and simple interface, which is what makes it so desired by users looking for information. It’s as simple as it sounds: you open it, type in what you need, and click search. But, if the interface remained like this, but took too long to obtain the information, the user experience would be worse.

According to this Medium article and the words of Miller, a web developer, “The user interface is the saddle, the stirrups and the reins. UX is the feeling of being able to ride a horse.”

So, these two terms may not be the same, but they go hand in hand. Neither exists without the other. It would help if you had UX, and vice versa. This is why a great designer possesses both UX and UI skills, even if he focuses on only one.

How the two work together

Now that you know how they differ, it’s time to learn how to use both to achieve your goals.

This begins with the work of the UX designer. The designer considers the user journey from start to finish. He thinks about the steps users take to solve a particular problem, what tasks they will be asked to complete, and how they feel and behave while doing all this.

Most of the time, UX designers with the help of a professional agency like RCCO explore and define the pain points that users face and try to find the best strategies to improve their experience. All of this is based on extensive user research that defines the target audience, the behavior of current and former users, and predictions on how to make them happier with the design.

Once this is done, the UX designer maps out the user’s journey through the product, considering the information architecture, features, etc.

When the entire skeleton is mapped, the task of the user interface designer begins. His job is to bring all this to life and make it accessible to the user. Without UI, users will not be able to enjoy the experience that the UX designer prepared for them.

UI designers take into consideration the data collected by the UX designer to create the interface. They will include the individual touchpoints and screens that users will encounter, consider the best option for providing the information, and focus on other details that make the journey possible.

Many ask the question: “Which is more important”?

The answer is none. Both are very crucial in the design process. If the design looks good but is difficult to use, your UX is poor and your UI is great. When the design is usable, but looks devastating, the opposite is true. Neither of these situations is good.

Even if a product works with only one of these elements optimized, imagine this: how good would it be if you optimized both?

A common element: UI and UX design research

Both UI and UX design are based on one thing: research. This is an invaluable step for both and is what determines the success of the product. For a product to be successful, UX and UI experts must collect tons of accurate information. This information will tell them what the user wants or expects from the product, as well as how they want it.

Research, including analysis and testing with tools like Maze, provides invaluable insights into user expectations and needs. Based on this, designers can make informed and safer decisions.

How do UX experts research?

Some of the methods used to collect the necessary information include user or target person research, conducting user interviews and surveys, or using focus groups to collect information.

And what about the research of UI designers?

UI designers will work closely with UX experts to verify research results, learn more about the audience, and make informed decisions about fonts, colors, visual elements, patterns, and more.

UX UI 2024

Final Considerations:

Hopefully, at this point, you understand the strong line between UI and UX design services. They are different although they go hand in hand and are important for the product. Whatever you choose to pursue, you should gather as much knowledge as possible about each other and collaborate with other designers to achieve the best results.

4 Steps to accept Cryptocurrencies in your online store

The exponential rise in popularity of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies has become impossible to ignore. Currently, the estimated number of cryptocurrency owners is 300 million worldwide. Furthermore, the value of crypto transactions amounts to $120 billion per day. These statistics, which are expected to continue to increase, underline the importance of this digital currency in the modern world. Consequently, all business owners should at least exploit the potential of cryptocurrencies in e-commerce, to implement them as a payment option.

What is the position of Cryptocurrencies in eCommerce?

Cryptocurrency is a  (web 3)  decentralized digital currency first introduced in 2008 by Satoshi Nakamoto. The value of crypto is that it is not centrally regulated by the government or any central body. Instead, trading takes place as peer-to-peer transactions conducted on blockchain consulting services. In 2022, the global cryptocurrency market size will be $1.8 billion. Without a doubt, the influence in the financial world is increasing, but what is the role of cryptocurrencies in electronic commerce?

As it stands, crypto is now a viable payment option for eCommerce transactions. Platforms like Shopify and WooCommerce now accept payments in digital currency. Bitcoin is expected to be the most accepted, but Ethereum, Ripple, and Binance Coin are popular alternatives. However, the adoption of cryptocurrencies in e-commerce is far from universal, as many brands, especially Amazon, do not want to accept this method.

What are the benefits of Cryptocurrencies in eCommerce?

Cheapest transaction costs

Perhaps the biggest argument for using cryptocurrencies in e-commerce is the relatively lower transaction costs. Transactions processed through banks, credit cards, and online payment platforms typically incur fees ranging from 1 to 5%. In contrast, fees for Bitcoin transactions are limited to a maximum of 1%. Therefore, it has a strong potential to increase companies’ profit margins.

Promotes Inclusion

As mentioned above, digital currency holdings are growing rapidly. Therefore, the introduction of cryptocurrencies in e-commerce stores offers the opportunity to attract more customers who prefer such payment options. In some countries, cryptocurrencies have become so popular that they are becoming the first choice for the population. This trend may continue around the world. With Crypto, you therefore reach an additional target group of buyers.

Faster transaction speeds

Compared to credit or debit card payments, crypto transactions are processed faster. This is one of the main reasons for the increasing use of cryptocurrency software exchange development on e-commerce websites by retailers who want faster settlements. Interestingly,  Bitcoin is the slowest cryptocurrency with 7 TPS. However, there are much faster alternatives, such as Monero, Ripple, and Solana.

Reduced security risks

The decentralized nature of cryptocurrencies means that less fraudulent activity takes place. User data is stored in crypto wallets, making it very difficult to steal. Therefore, the use of cryptocurrencies allows for more secure transactions, which many customers will appreciate.

Facilitate international transactions

By using cryptocurrencies in e-commerce stores, retailers can encourage customers to make purchases in different currencies. Instead of limiting them to paying in their local currency, your business could offer the alternative of paying in crypto, which is more universally accessible.

What are the disadvantages of Cryptocurrencies in eCommerce?

Fluctuations in Prices

The inconsistency of the exchange value of most currencies is the biggest obstacle to using cryptocurrencies in e-commerce. In 2022 alone, Bitcoin reached $60,000 and $18,000, with serious consequences. For example, a significant drop in price value means that retailers incur losses on goods sold when converting money to fiat currency. No doubt, such uncertainties in transactions are bad for business. Therefore, online stores should consider the stability of currencies before using certain currencies. However, developments in this area are moving very quickly. Now there are possibilities to carry out transactions with exchange rates calculated in real time and immediately receive the amount in the desired currency credited to the traditional bank account.

Negative public opinion

Although the number of cryptocurrency users is increasing, more and more people are wary of these currencies. There are several reasons for this perception, including limited regulation.

How to accept Cryptocurrencies in e-commerce stores?

Accepting cryptocurrencies on e-commerce websites (like Opencart accepts cryptocurrencies) is easy and can be summarized in 4 steps:

#1: Meet the need for the payment option

The sales department of every company can conduct analytical research on how the acceptance of cryptocurrencies in e-commerce stores will affect finances. Your company can also research how much customers are willing to pay with cryptocurrency.

#2: Research coins, wallet options and gateway

If cryptocurrency is going to work effectively for your business, it is best to carefully consider your options. Cryptocurrency in e-commerce can be affected by currency stability, transaction speed, transaction costs, etc., and all of these must be taken into account.

#3: Choose a wallet or payment gateway

A crypto wallet stores the coins, while a payment gateway makes it easy to convert the currency to dollars or preferred currency. Alternatively, many platforms offer wallet and payment gateway services.

#4: Integrate cryptocurrency payment into your website

Cryptocurrencies on e-commerce websites can be integrated using an API.

In conclusion, cryptocurrency in e-commerce is still a new concept that should be approached with caution. The advantages are quite tempting, but the disadvantages should not be overlooked. The concept of cryptocurrency as a means of E-commerce payment is still evolving, but the potential is still exciting.

Empower your business with the best blockchain consulting services. Transform your vision into reality with our expertise. Explore the future of innovation and success today…

Technology that astonishes: what is artificial intelligence?

Computers already surpass imagination with their computing power. However, in many ways, the human brain is still superior due to its complexity. Will this soon be a thing of the past? This question is fundamental in the field of artificial intelligence (AI) research. In this field, we seek to use computer science, neurology, psychology, and linguistics to technically recreate the brain and its functions.

What is AI or artificial intelligence?

Artificial intelligence is, by definition, a subfield of computer science that aims to create a technical equivalent of human intelligence. However, there are many theories and methodological approaches to what intelligence is and how it can be technically emulated. Therefore, it is difficult to offer a precise definition of artificial intelligence due to the complexity of the concept of intelligence itself.

There are also disagreements regarding the “similarity relationship” with the human being: should the machine be built exactly the same as a human brain? This simulation approach aims for an exact replication of brain functions. Or perhaps, should the machine act like a human being, that is, resemble him only in the final result? This phenomenological approach deals exclusively with what humans perceive of artificial intelligence, regardless of the technical process behind it.

Today, artificial intelligence is developed mostly for technical tasks. The goal is not so much for AI to master human communication, but for it to effectively perform highly specialized tasks. For these software development services, the Turing test is used: if a technical system has the same capabilities as a human being in a subfield (for example, in a medical diagnosis or in a game of chess) it is called an artificially intelligent system. Consequently, there are two definitions of artificial intelligence: one “strong” and one “weak.”

Strong artificial intelligence: vision

The definition of strong AI refers to an intelligence capable of replacing the human being in its entirety, with all its various capabilities. This universal approach to the human being as a machine has existed since the Enlightenment, but it remains fiction. There are different dimensions of intelligence that belong to strong AI: cognitive, sensorimotor, emotional, and social. Most current applications of artificial intelligence mainly focus on the field of cognitive intelligence, such as logic, planning, problem-solving, autonomy, and the formation of individual perspectives.

Weak artificial intelligence: the reality

The definition of weak AI, on the other hand, refers to the development and use of artificial intelligence in clearly defined areas of application. This is the stage current AI research is at. Almost all current fields of application of artificial intelligence belong to the realm of weak, but highly specialized AI. This includes the development of autonomous vehicles, medical diagnostics, intelligent search algorithms, and automation, among other examples.

In the area of ​​weak AI, research has made revolutionary advances in recent years. The development of intelligent systems in specific areas has proven to be not only more feasible from a practical point of view but also ethically less controversial than research into superintelligence. The fields of application of weak artificial intelligence are extremely diverse, but it is used with particular success in medicine, finance, the transportation industry, and marketing… and, of course, on the Internet.

How does artificial intelligence work?

How can we describe the functioning of artificial intelligence? An AI is only as good as its technical representation of knowledge. In this sense, there are two basic methodological approaches: the symbol processing approach and the neural approach.

  1. In the symbol processing approach to AI, knowledge is represented through symbols and is realized by manipulating them. Symbolic AI focuses on top-down information processing and operates using symbols, abstract connections, and logical conclusions.
  2. In the neural approach to AI, knowledge is represented by artificial neurons and their interconnections. Neural AI focuses on bottom-up information processing and simulates functions of individual artificial neurons that are grouped into larger neural networks. These artificial neural networks work together to perform specific tasks.

Symbolic AI

Symbolic AI is considered the classic approach to artificial intelligence. It is based on the premise that human thought can be reconstructed from a higher logical-conceptual level, independently of specific empirical details (top-down approach). In this approach, knowledge is represented by abstract symbols, including written and spoken language. Machines learn to recognize, understand, and use these symbols through algorithms. The intelligent system acquires its information from expert systems, which are systems designed to store and apply specialized knowledge in a specific domain.

Classic applications of symbolic AI focus on word processing, language recognition, and other logical disciplines such as chess mastery. Symbolic AI is based on established rules and can solve increasingly complex problems as the computing power of computers increases. For example, IBM’s Deep Blue defeated then-world chess champion Garri Kasparov in 1996 with the help of symbolic AI.

Neural AI

In 1986, Geoffrey Hinton and two of his colleagues resurrected neural AI research and with it the field of artificial intelligence research. With their refinement of the backpropagation algorithm, they created the basis of Deep Learning, with which almost all AIs work today. Thanks to this learning algorithm, deep neural networks can constantly learn and grow independently, thus overcoming challenges where symbolic AI fails.

Like the human brain, neural artificial intelligence divides knowledge into smaller functional units, known as artificial neurons, which are connected in a network forming increasingly larger groups (bottom-up approach). The result is an artificial neural network with multiple branches. Unlike symbolic AI, the neural network is “trained” using sensorimotor data, as occurs in robotics. Through these experiences, AI generates constantly growing knowledge. Here lies the big innovation: although training may take time, the system is ultimately capable of learning autonomously.

Artificial intelligence: examples of applications and projects

Whether it is facial recognition, voice assistance, or translation programs, artificial intelligence has been present in our daily lives for a long time. Even if we consciously decide to do without these tools, it is difficult to escape the influence of AI in the digital environment. For example, behind product suggestions in online stores or recommendations on platforms such as YouTube, Netflix, and similar, there are AI systems that adapt to offer increasingly precise and appropriate recommendations.

Below we list some examples of the use of artificial intelligence:

  • ChatGPT – ChatGPT is an AI-based chatbot developed by OpenAI. The software understands natural language text input and can, among other things, answer questions and create, paraphrase, and translate texts.
  • RankBrain: RankBrain, developed by Google, is an AI algorithm initially designed to understand long, unknown search queries more effectively. In 2015, Google revealed that RankBrain was the third most relevant factor among the more than 200 ranking factors in its search engine, along with links and content. Therefore, RankBrain exerts a significant influence on SEO.
  • DeepMind: DeepMind is a company purchased by Google in 2014 that has created numerous innovative AI technologies, such as AlphaGo, the computer program that perfectly mastered the board game “Go.” In April 2023, Google announced the merger with its internal AI division Google Brain. One of the special features of DeepMind’s AI research is that the company adds short-term memory to artificial intelligence.
  • Voice.ai: Voice.ai is an artificial intelligence-based program that allows you to interact in real time with the voices of famous personalities, such as Hollywood stars and other celebrities. In addition, you also have the option to make voice recordings. The software is trained through contributions from users, who can add their own voice recordings to create new vocal profiles.
  • DALL-E: The DALL-E AI system, developed by OpenAI, has the ability to generate unique and stunning 2D and 3D images from written descriptions in a matter of seconds. The open beta version of the software has been available since September 2022. According to the custom software development company, more than two million images are created with the application every day.

Opportunities and risks of AI

From an optimistic attitude towards progress to an absolute rejection of technology, artificial intelligence generates very diverse reactions. This is mainly due to the positive and negative predictions about how these new custom software development services will transform our lives in the future. Below, we summarize the opportunities and risks, as well as the most significant advantages and disadvantages of AI.

Summary of the advantages and opportunities of artificial intelligence

The use of AI offers a whole series of advantages and opportunities. The main advantages of this technology focus on the workplace, its high performance, and the economic perspectives it offers.

Employment and work facilitation

This new technology has the potential to create valuable new jobs, as well as boost the overall economy. Experts agree that technology will have a drastic impact on the labor market. In particular, advocates of universal basic income see artificial intelligence as a great opportunity, as the traditional model of salaried work could become obsolete in the future. The simplifications brought about by AI offer the possibility of having more free time.


Proponents of AI also highlight the advantages in terms of the considerable convenience that any technical innovation brings to everyday life. This applies to both autonomous vehicles and intelligent translation software, advances that are a boon for consumers.

Exceptional performance

AI also offers significant advantages in public benefit tasks. Machines have a lower error rate than humans and their performance is enormous. Especially in the healthcare sector and in the judiciary, the versatility of smart machines is seen as promising. Although experts do not expect judges, for example, to be replaced by artificial technology in the future, it can help recognize procedural patterns more quickly and reach objective sentences.

Economic advantages

Of course, the technology also promises great commercial benefits for the industries involved. According to the World Robotics Report 2022, the number of new industrial robots installed worldwide reached a new high of 517,385 units in 2021. This data demonstrates the impact and economic potential that AI can offer businesses.

Futuristic projects

Last but not least, artificial intelligence also stimulates the natural human impulse to explore: it is already being developed for the exploration of oil wells or for the control of robots on Mars. As technology advances, it is expected that the field of application of AI will continue to expand, opening up new possibilities for exploration and discovery in various fields.

Disadvantages and risks of AI

However, prominent experts, such as Elon Musk, a Silicon Valley icon, have warned about the risks of artificial intelligence, despite their own commitment to the technology. These critical voices are also supported by broader initiatives, such as the Future of Life Institute (FLI), a research and advocacy organization that regularly brings together renowned critics to call for a responsible approach to technology.

The inferiority of the human being

A possible risk that worries many and has often been the subject of science fiction is the development of a “superintelligence.” A superintelligence is a technology that optimizes itself and therefore becomes independent of humans. The relationship between humans and this super-intelligent technology could become problematic. Some skeptics believe humans could succumb to technology. However, researchers consider deliberately malicious AI almost impossible. However, many see a real risk in artificial intelligence so competent that its activities take on a life of their own.

Technology dependence

The increasing dependence of humans on technological systems is also a cause for concern. In areas such as medical care, where assistive robots are being tested, there are critical voices that point out that people are being monitored by these technical systems. In doing so, they risk giving up some of their privacy and self-determination. These concerns are not only evident in medicine, but also in relation to AI-assisted video surveillance or intelligent algorithms on the Internet.

Data protection and power distribution

Intelligent algorithms can process larger and larger data sets more efficiently. For eCommerce, in particular, this can be good news. However, data processing by AI technologies is increasingly difficult for consumers to understand and control.

Filter bubbles and selective perception

Network activist Eli Pariser cites so-called filter or information bubbles as another risk of artificial intelligence. If algorithms increasingly derive the content they offer users from their previous behavior (personalized content), the “worldview” offered will become increasingly narrower. AI technologies could encourage selective perception and thus reinforce a growing “ideological distance between individuals.”

Influence on opinion formation

Furthermore, according to critics, AI technologies could specifically influence public opinions. These fears focus on technologies that know users in detail or the use of social bots that influence public attitudes. As the intelligence of these technologies increases, the risk of influencing opinions is increasing, according to skeptical voices.

Conclusion on artificial intelligence

AI is one of the most interesting technologies of the coming years. Artificial intelligences are already used in a wide variety of applications. There is no doubt that AI, like other technological advances, will have an impact on our daily lives and in the professional field. However, humans as counterparts or operators are an essential component that will not be lost in the future. Especially through the automation of recurring tasks, we should save a lot of time in the future, which we can invest in other areas of life.

al issues. Nurturing in Fintech, Supply chain, AR VR solutions, Real estate, and other sectors vitalizing new-age technology, I see this space as a forum to share and seek information. Writing and reading give me more clarity about what I need.

2024 Edition UX/UI Design Trends – Bento box and Spatial

Every year, we round up design trends that not only look good, but designers can learn from. Love it or hate it, there’s a recent trend toward smart, functional UI UX design services.

These features condense a lot of information into a small amount of space and also improve user engagement.

Let’s take a look at some trends!

Bento box ~ It’s not a lunch box for kids.

Bento boxes are part of Japanese bento culture. It is well known that Japanese people use their original ideas to store their lunches in boxes so that each item of food is neatly lined up.

Bento Box

I don’t know who told me this, but the food in the bento box is neatly lined up like a very digital screen.

“Bento” has become a trend, featured in media outlets and seen by millions of designers on sites like Dribble and Behance, but the concept has its roots in “modular” design, which started with website dashboards. there is. The same goes for things like PayPal’s sales and financial dashboards and Google Ads’ analytics screens.

Remember Windows Phone or Lumia? The UI they were using was a pioneering iteration of the Bento design. Later, Microsoft implemented this concept on desktop computers with Windows 8.

Microsoft Bento box design

Meanwhile, in the industry as a whole, Bento design really caught on with Apple’s use of Bento Grid. They first introduced it to iPhone landing pages, but soon started using it for Apple event slides and presentations as well.

Apple Bento Box design

Apple is widely known as being at the forefront of megatrends, and Bento is definitely one of them. Every designer and their uncle? (← *I didn’t understand what you meant, lol) used Bento for presentations, websites, product announcements, etc.

The biggest difference between the old Bento-like designs and today’s new trends is that each section of the grid represents its own space, rather than being part of a group.

Unlike many other UI design trends, Bento’s design is more than just a pretty layout style. Bento designs are now recognized as a new visual design concept, combining them with product demos and other unique layouts.

Please see here.

Product Design Demo

The example above is from diagram.com. This is an expression of the kind of interactive experience that can be achieved through this tool using Bento Grid. This really communicates the appeal of this tool and makes it clear what value it can provide to users.

To help designers like us, several websites collect various Bento design examples from around the web. bentogrids.com showcases a wide range of Bento designs in UI UX design services and graphic design.

Spatial design trends and technological leaps

As soon as you wake up, you look at your phone and see “Important Emails” filled with information about Apple’s new Vision Pro. This is a fact that happened to technology and design enthusiasts worldwide on the morning of June 5th, 2023.

In the weeks that followed, this was a constant topic of discussion in the tech world, with every designer trying to gain spatial design skills. Apart from design trends, various AR/VR startups have been in the spotlight, and their technology has become a hot topic. This sparked a real-life AR and VR boom, and these were actually what the public wanted.

Great technology has unlocked huge design potential. From smartwatches to foldable smartphones, designers have always been willing to tap into these technologies in order to apply them themselves. Spatial design is no exception.

It’s a good thing that the UX industry as a whole is getting better as big competitors try to improve UX design on AR/VR. Deeply understanding the technology behind beautiful design, actually using a VR headset, and trying to immerse yourself in a space will become part of every job. When you try to learn the cutting edge of UX, there are always many new things to learn and challenges. However, if you can acquire at least one of these skills quickly, it will become a useful asset for you in the future.

Apart from Apple’s big money and big imagination, there are also some non-tech companies that are bringing new UX that can be gained by wearing VR glasses.

While Google’s project, Google Glass, was never produced on a large scale, sunglasses company Rayban has entered the smart wearable industry with Meta Wayfarer.

Don’t be fooled by the seemingly ordinary Rayban design. Built-in camera and smart features allow you to save videos and photos, and live stream social media. This brings a new dimension to UI UX design agency. This will probably be a trend in 2025. No one knows.

Impressions: The VR era that is finally coming and Bento design seems to be a good match!

In the previous article, I briefly touched on how Bento design differs from traditional dashboard UIs, but after reading this article, I was a little convinced.

However, I still feel that there is no big difference in the end, but as represented by Apple, the point of visually expressing the fun of compartmentalization of the Bento layout is a search for rationality. I roughly interpreted that it was a difference from the dashboard being designed.

Next, the AR/VR trend that was introduced has been talked about for many years, but it seems like it will finally bloom around next year. In this context, I felt that a design like the Bento design mentioned above, which neatly compartmentalizes and displays each element, is a design trend suitable for AR/VR because it allows the design to fill the entire field of view.

In addition to how to make the spatial design in virtual spaces beautiful and pleasant, how to appropriately provide information to users and guide them will become important topics in the future. Therefore, while working hard on traditional designs such as apps and websites, I felt that Antenna would like to be able to think about the design of interfaces in 3D space as well.

UI trends for 2024

UI UX design services trends for 2024 that you should know, with technologies on the rise, some recurring ones that have been dominating the trends in recent years, and some new ones such as the use of algorithmic grids, are part of the toolbox that design professionals must have to create interfaces intuitive, beautiful and impressive user interfaces.

The Mobile First concept continues to predominate when creating interfaces, where UI designers play a key role in building responsive and visually attractive apps and sites.

In this article, we will learn about technologies, design styles, and tools that are redefining the creation of digital experiences. 

I believe that the design of digital experiences and user interfaces is in a very interesting phase, where we must balance aesthetics with functionality, anticipate changes in user patterns, and satisfy increasingly demanding audiences. As designers, we must be up to date with new trends

Zoom to UI trends for this year

  1. Responsive design
  2. Microinteractions
  3. voice interface
  4. Dark mode
  5. Accessibility
  6. Artificial intelligence and generative design
  7. Stunning typography
  8. cool gradients
  9. Augmented reality
  10. Parallax
  11. Brutalism
  12. Hyperrealism
  13. WebGL and 3D
  14. Algorithmic Grids

Responsive design

Although responsive design is by no means new, it is still essential. In 2024, its relevance will persist, adapting to the variety of devices and resolutions available.


Microinteractions are small events that give feedback to the user about an action they have performed through visual changes in the interface. 2024 will see a focus on micro-interactions that improve navigability and user satisfaction.

Voice interface

Voice interfaces are on the rise. Designers will be busy creating natural and fluid voice experiences to facilitate interaction.

Dark mode

We have already told you about the importance of dark mode. This mode, popular for its visual comfort and energy savings, will continue to be a design preference.


It’s not a trend. Accessibility is a pillar of design. In 2024, inclusion will be accentuated, adapting interfaces for everyone, regardless of their abilities.

Artificial intelligence and generative design

Leveraging AI, this method creates dynamic interfaces based on specific interactions and parameters. This year we will see designers specializing in prompts to get the most out of layout and design with AI.

Stunning typography

The use of “Bold fonts” or bold and prominent fonts will be the protagonists, attracting the user’s attention and providing personality.

Cool gradients

The gradients, now more sophisticated and dynamic, enrich the visual palette and improve immersion. For two years it has been a must in the rankings of design trends.

Augmented reality

Merging the digital with the physical, this technology expands the possibilities of interaction and learning. We know that it is not new, but year after year it appears in the trend rankings, paving its way to maturity.


Parallax doesn’t die. You can love it or hate it, but this visual technique will remain relevant, adding depth and dynamism to interfaces with the development of narratives through layered transitions.


Inspired by architecture, this bold, minimalist style will offer contrasts and modularity. It is one of the newest trends and we believe that it can be talked about in the specialized media this coming year.


By precisely imitating real objects and settings, hyperrealism seeks to immerse the user in authentic experiences. 

WebGL and 3D

The 3D design will be more accessible, offering interactive and visual web experiences. Basically, WebGL is a standard that allows browsers to read three-dimensional drawings made with JavaScript, the language of the web. 

Algorithmic Grids

A grid is a grid that divides the space of a screen or viewport to distribute content and thus guide users’ attention through algorithms. Algorithmic grids are part of the trends that we will see in 2024.

“In light of the technologies, styles, and tools we review in this article, 2024 promises to be an exciting year in the UI UX design services world. I think it is important to know new trends to be at the forefront and also master the basics of digital design and, above all, know users and their changing needs,” concludes Macarena.


In conclusion, the UI trends for 2024 showcase a dynamic evolution toward immersive and user-centric experiences. From the rise of AI-powered interfaces to the seamless integration of AR and VR technologies, the landscape is ripe with opportunities for innovation. As designers and developers continue to push boundaries, accessibility, inclusivity, and sustainability remain paramount. By embracing these trends and leveraging cutting-edge technologies, businesses can forge deeper connections with their audiences and stay ahead in an ever-changing digital world. Let’s embark on this journey together, shaping the future of UI design one trend at a time.

Show images for the sub-categories in the opencart versions 2.3, 3, and 4

This Opencart tip is to show images for the sub-categories in the Opencart version 2.3, but you can make changes as per the following instructions.

Opencart 2.3

Find the following code at catalog\controller\product\category.php

$data['categories'][] = array(
	'name' => $result['name'] . ($this->config->get('config_product_count') ? ' (' . $this->model_catalog_product->getTotalProducts($filter_data) . ')' : ''),
	'href' => $this->url->link('product/category', 'path=' . $this->request->get['path'] . '_' . $result['category_id'] . $url)

Replace the code with the below code:

$data['categories'][] = array(
	'name' => $result['name'] . ($this->config->get('config_product_count') ? ' (' . $this->model_catalog_product->getTotalProducts($filter_data) . ')' : ''),
	'image' => $this->model_tool_image->resize($result['image'], 100,100),
	'href' => $this->url->link('product/category', 'path=' . $this->request->get['path'] . '_' . $result['category_id'] . $url)

Changed is ‘image’ => $this->model_tool_image->resize($result[‘image’], 100,100), if you have to increase the size then change 100 to other values.

Find the following code at catalog\view\theme\default\template\product\category.tpl

<?php if ($categories) { ?>
<h3><?php echo $text_refine; ?></h3>
<?php if (count($categories) <= 5) { ?>
<div class="row">
  <div class="col-sm-3">
      <?php foreach ($categories as $category) { ?>
      <li><a href="<?php echo $category['href']; ?>"><?php echo $category['name']; ?></a></li>
      <?php } ?>
<?php } else { ?>
<div class="row">
  <?php foreach (array_chunk($categories, ceil(count($categories) / 4)) as $categories) { ?>
  <div class="col-sm-3">
      <?php foreach ($categories as $category) { ?>
      <li><a href="<?php echo $category['href']; ?>"><?php echo $category['name']; ?></a></li>
      <?php } ?>
  <?php } ?>
<?php } ?>
<?php } ?>

Replace with the below code

<?php if ($categories) { ?>
      <h3><?php echo $text_refine; ?></h3>
      <?php if (count($categories) <= 5) { ?>
      <div class="row">
        <div class="col-sm-3">
            <?php foreach ($categories as $category) { ?>
            <li> <a href="<?php echo $category['href']; ?>">
                <?php if($category['image']){ ?>
                <img src="<?php echo $category['image']; ?>" ><br>
                <?php } ?>
                <?php echo $category['name']; ?></a></li>
            <?php } ?>
      <?php } else { ?>
      <div class="row">
        <?php  foreach (array_chunk($categories, ceil(count($categories) / 4)) as $categories) { ?>
        <div class="col-sm-3">
            <?php  foreach ($categories as $category) { ?>
            <li><a href="<?php echo $category['href']; ?>">
                <?php if($category['image']){ ?>
                <img src="<?php echo $category['image']; ?>" ><br>
                <?php } ?>
                <?php echo $category['name']; ?></a></li>
            <?php } ?>
        <?php } ?>
      <?php } ?>
<?php } ?>

Extra code added is below and there are two places to add the code:

<?php if($category['image']){ ?>
      <img src="<?php echo $category['image']; ?>" ><br>
<?php } ?>

You are set for the default theme, but if you are using a custom theme then you have to manage as per your theme.

Opencart 3 and Opencart 4

Find the following code at catalog\controller\product\category.php

$data['categories'][] = array(
	'name' => $result['name'] . ($this->config->get('config_product_count') ? ' (' . $this->model_catalog_product->getTotalProducts($filter_data) . ')' : ''),
	'href' => $this->url->link('product/category', 'path=' . $this->request->get['path'] . '_' . $result['category_id'] . $url)

Replace the code with the below code:

$data['categories'][] = array(
	'name' => $result['name'] . ($this->config->get('config_product_count') ? ' (' . $this->model_catalog_product->getTotalProducts($filter_data) . ')' : ''),
	'image' => $this->model_tool_image->resize($result['image'], 100,100),
	'href' => $this->url->link('product/category', 'path=' . $this->request->get['path'] . '_' . $result['category_id'] . $url)

Changed is ‘image’ => $this->model_tool_image->resize($result[‘image’], 100,100), if you have to increase the size then change 100 to other values.

Find the following code at catalog\view\theme\template\product\category.twig

{% if categories|length <= 5 %}
          <div class="row">
            <div class="col-sm-3">
                {% for category in categories %}
                  <a href="{{ category.href }}">{{ category.name }}</a>
                {% endfor %}
        {% else %}
          <div class="row row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-lg-4">
            {% for category in categories|batch((categories|length / 4)|round(1, 'ceil')) %}
              <div class="col">
                  {% for child in category %}
                    <li><a href="{{ child.href }}">{{ child.name }}</a></li>
                  {% endfor %}
            {% endfor %}
        {% endif %}

Replace with the following:

{% if categories|length <= 5 %}
          <div class="row">
            <div class="col-sm-3">
                {% for category in categories %}
                  {% if category.image %}
                      <img src="{{ category.image }}" alt="{{ category.name }}" title="{{ category.name }}" class="img-thumbnail"/>
                  {% endif %}
                  <a href="{{ category.href }}">{{ category.name }}</a>
                {% endfor %}
{% else %}
          <div class="row row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-lg-4">
            {% for category in categories|batch((categories|length / 4)|round(1, 'ceil')) %}
              <div class="col">
                  {% for child in category %}
                    {% if child.image %}
                        <img src="{{ child.image }}" alt="{{ child.name }}" title="{{ child.name }}" class="img-thumbnail"/>
                    {% endif %}
                    <a href="{{ child.href }}">{{ child.name }}</a>
                  {% endfor %}
            {% endfor %}
{% endif %}

The following are codes added in the above

{% if category.image %}
                      <img src="{{ category.image }}" alt="{{ category.name }}" title="{{ category.name }}" class="img-thumbnail"/>
{% endif %}


{% if child.image %}
               <img src="{{ child.image }}" alt="{{ child.name }}" title="{{ child.name }}" class="img-thumbnail"/>
{% endif %}

With the above changes now you can see images for the sub-categories, for example:

Opencart Category

By changing like above code, you can show images for the sub-categories on the category page of Opencart

9 In-Demand Mobile App Skills You Should Master

As technology evolves, those who work in technology must also keep up. This includes improving knowledge about mobile applications.

Without a doubt, becoming skilled in app development requires time and effort. It is important to work hard and continually acquire new knowledge to become a professional. With the mobile app development company showing no signs of slowing down, mastering the skills of the most in-demand apps is a must for those who want to stay ahead.

Mastery of mobile application programming languages

Programming is the basis on which the creation of mobile applications is based, which makes it an essential element for their development. As an application developer, you need to have a strong command of programming languages.

The choice of programming language depends on the platform for which you want to develop:

Android Development

Learning Java and Kotlin is essential for anybody hoping to create Android apps. Java is the official language used for development on Android, while Kotlin is rapidly gaining popularity due to its modern features and ease of use.

Although Java has long been a favorite, Kotlin has emerged as a modern and concise alternative. Kotlin’s security features and smooth integration with current Java code are opening up new possibilities for a fun and productive development experience.

iOS Development

When it comes to iOS Development you will primarily use Swift, with a bit of Objective-C. Swift is Apple’s newest programming language, and because of its robust features and simple syntax, it has rapidly become a favorite among developers. Objective-C still has its place, especially when it comes to older iOS code.

You will become a more well-rounded iOS developer and have a better chance of being hired if you are proficient in both Swift and Objective-C.

You can gain professional knowledge of all programming languages ​​through a mobile app developer course. By working on real projects during your internship, you will be able to put what you have learned into practice. Another advantage for mobile developers is having familiarity with different programming languages and technologies:

JavaScript: Ideal for the development of hybrid or cross-platform applications.

HTML and CSS: Used in the development of hybrid applications.

C/C++: Useful for hardware interface and low-level performance optimization on certain devices.

SQL: Essential to manage and consult databases.

Python: Good for server-side components, data analysis, and scripting jobs.

Ruby: Beneficial for mobile developers working with server-side components or backend services.

PHP: Ideal for mobile app developers working with server-side scripts or backend services.

SwiftUI and Combine (iOS): Perfect for creating user interfaces and handling asynchronous operations.

Android Jetpack (Android): Provides modern tools and libraries to simplify application development.

Dart (Flutter): Core language for building Flutter applications.

Specific and Cross-platform Capabilities

With 2.6 million Android applications and 1.85 million iOS applications, both systems are taking the market by storm. Differentiating between Android and iPhone users is typically only significant for specific app categories and companies. But as the world becomes more connected, being able to develop apps that work seamlessly across multiple operating systems has become a desirable skill for mobile app developers.

How is it done? Competent mobile app developers produce code that runs on several platforms using cross-platform frameworks like React Native and Flutter. These frameworks make it possible to construct applications more quickly and maintain them more easily, thus knowing how to use them is an invaluable asset.

Whether they start on Android, iOS, or Windows, successful apps end up having to be ported to the other two. Coding native applications for one platform makes porting to others difficult and may require a different team of engineers.

Therefore, as a mobile app developer, you must be familiar with cross-platform development tools and practices to make your apps future-proof. For example, Xamarin, created by Microsoft, is a powerful cross-platform tool that allows developers to create applications for Android, iOS, and Windows using C#. Other well-liked frameworks for developing cross-platform apps are React Native and Flutter.

User-friendly Interface Design

In today’s world of endless options and tough competition, businesses are looking for mobile app developers who also have a keen eye for user experience (UX) and user interface (UI) design.

In addition to programming knowledge, having a good sense of aesthetics and the ability to create an intuitive and easy-to-use interface is crucial for mobile application development. After all, the design of an app is what captures users’ attention and keeps them engaged.

To excel at UI/UX design, you must have a solid understanding of:

  • Theory of color
  • typography
  • principles of design
  • visual hierarchy

Along with design tools like Adobe XD or Figma, you should also be familiar with prototype tools like Marvel, InVision, and Proto.io. Being an expert in UI/UX design can help you stand out in the cutthroat app development market.

Knowledge of Agile Development and Scrum Management

The preferred project management approach in the software development industry is called Agile. And within Agile is Scrum, an approach that emphasizes collaboration, transparency, and continuous improvement.

Knowing agile development techniques shows that you are a qualified mobile developer who fits into the fast-paced mobile industry. Scrum, in particular, is ideal for mobile app development projects due to its incremental and iterative approach, allowing for quick releases and feedback.

Participating in training programs focused on agile development and Scrum management is a great way to learn the practical application of these concepts. By mastering Agile and Scrum, you will become a valuable asset to any mobile app development team.

Handling large amounts of data

Apps run on data; customers are defined by data; and data is what you collect and how you achieve your final results. Therefore, having a good amount of data is crucial. And to ensure this, you’ll need talented data engineers who can create the most efficient databases and repositories.

Mobile application development encounters data in various forms and from different sources. As an application developer, it is essential to understand these sources and interact with them perfectly.

Additionally, if you use database management knowledge in your application development process, you will achieve faster and more efficient performance. Databases are the backbone of any application and if you know how to manage large amounts of data, you can offer a better user experience.

How is this knowledge learned? Since SQL is the most common language for maintaining and accessing databases, developers of mobile apps need to be proficient in it. It’s worthwhile to learn about the strong database management features of other languages, such as Python and Ruby.

If you plan to build enterprise applications that handle massive amounts of data, you should also familiarize yourself with NoSQL databases like MongoDB and Cassandra. These databases are highly scalable and flexible, making them suitable for handling large data sets.


Furthermore, it shows that programming is not the only skill you should possess. Remember that you are creating an application that will end up being used by thousands, if not millions, of people. With data privacy and security becoming a major concern for both businesses and users, having cybersecurity knowledge is a valuable asset.

According to a global consumer survey, fraud is the most concerning cybercrime problem in mobile applications. A staggering 55.7% of respondents expressed concern about this particular online threat.

Being a mobile app developer means constantly fighting security issues, which can be a real headache for a CEO. You have to help them safeguard customer privacy, fortify their systems against compromise, and ensure that all records, checks, and balances are in place. It’s like playing an endless game of risk management.

Reducing that risk is the key. You can never be too safe on the Internet, so that means collaborating with a group of mobile app developers who are knowledgeable about security standards and have access to the newest best practices and technologies.

Testing and Quality Control

All mobile apps undergo rigorous testing and quality assurance (QA) processes before being released to the public. Ensuring that an application is error-free and meets the standards and requirements set by the customer can take weeks or even months.

Testing involves finding errors or glitches in the application, while QA ensures that the application works as intended and meets all specifications. These processes ensure that the application works correctly, detecting and fixing problems before users encounter them, which is important in such a competitive market.

To master debugging, you must be familiar with various testing techniques and tools. It would be best if you also knew in depth the different types of tests, such as:

  • Functional Testing
  • Integration Testing
  • User Acceptance Testing

Additionally, mobile devices have different configurations, so extensive testing on multiple platforms and screen sizes is essential for a consistent user experience.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (AM)

Mobile technology is evolving with each passing year, and AI and ML are having a major impact on the industry. They are not just buzzwords but have real applications in mobile app development.

With the rise of chatbots, voice assistants, and predictive algorithms, having a basic understanding of AI and ML is a valuable skill for mobile app developers. These technologies can improve the user experience by offering personalized recommendations or providing effective customer service.

Plus, integrating AI into your app can unlock the potential for smarter, more intuitive, and personalized user experiences. Imagine the power of natural language processing, image recognition, recommendation systems, and predictive analytics seamlessly improving every interaction.

If you are convinced of the benefits of building an AI application, why not arrange a call with an expert? AI consulting service provider? Discuss your app requirements with them and embark on the exciting journey of creating your AI-powered app.

Clear Communication and Team Collaboration Skills

Mobile developers are not isolated coders. They work closely with various teams and departments, coordinating with marketing teams and presenting developments to clients and stakeholders.

Since mobile application development services outsource their mobile applications, you must also excel in communication in English. The Philippines, for example, has become a popular destination for outsourcing app development due to its high level of English and cultural compatibility with Western countries.

Furthermore, collaboration skills are vital for the long-term scalability and maintenance of mobile applications. One of these indispensable tools in mobile development is Git, which makes it easy to track changes in the code base over time, allows isolated development through branching, effortless merging of changes, and easy rollback in case of problems.

To encourage collaboration, project management platforms like JIRA and Trello, communication tools like Slack and Microsoft Teams, and code review tools like GitHub and Bitbucket play essential roles in the mobile development process.

Edge AI: discover the near future of Artificial Intelligence

In the era of Artificial Intelligence, the great objective of companies is to be able to make decisions in real-time and provide personalized experiences. That is where Edge AI appears as an emerging trend that exponentially improves data analysis. This is one of the technologies that will become the near future of AI, and in a few years, it will reach commercial maturity. It will not take long to see its real impact on the industry or services, which is why it is important to know all its characteristics.

What is Edge AI: understanding the concept

Edge AI, or AI at the edge, is a combination of edge computing and artificial intelligence. That is, it implements AI algorithms and models directly on IoT devices or servers close to the data source. Cloud AI requires sending data to a data center or cloud platform, where it is stored. Edge AI, on the other hand, instead of sending data to the cloud, allows it to be processed in real-time on the device or the local server. Thanks to machine learning algorithms, it processes data generated by the devices themselves locally. That allows for an instant response and much more privacy.

Edge AI is one of the rapidly growing trends in AI that has the most potential in the short term.

Some examples of Edge AI applications can be found in smartphones, laptops, and robots. But also in larger devices such as drones, video surveillance cameras with video analysis, or driverless vehicles.

Disruptive Edge AI Trends

Edge AI technology is one of the AI ​​tools that can be applied in many sectors, from Smart Industry to voice assistants. Here are some of the current trends in AI at the edge:

1. Edge AI in the Internet of Things (IoT)

Edge AI enables faster data processing on IoT devices. And that is essential for those applications that need a response in local time. By being able to make local decisions, dependence on the cloud connection is reduced. And that considerably improves efficiency and security in IoT applications.

2. Applications in autonomous vehicles and robotics

In the case of autonomous vehicles, real-time data analysis is critical. Thanks to that they can detect objects, navigate, or make decisions. Therefore, by enabling onboard data processing, Edge AI is being used to improve the autonomy and safety of these types of vehicles.

It can also have many applications in robotics. For example, in manufacturing and logistics applications it is essential that robots can make decisions in real time.

3. Applications in retail and customer experience

In the retail sector and manufacturing industry, AI at the edge can be applied to optimizing inventory management, analyzing purchasing patterns, or detecting anomalies. This allows the personalization of the customer experience both in physical stores and in online commerce. Thanks to the implementation of Edge AI by a custom software development company, efficiency is improved in these cases and costs are reduced.

4. Edge AI in healthcare and health

Edge AI-based wearable medical devices and diagnostic solutions offer more personalized and accessible care. AI at the edge allows data from all medical devices to be processed locally. Which increases the possibilities of patient supervision. Thus, these software development services can transform medical care by allowing early detection of diseases, continuous patient monitoring, or telemedicine.

5. Edge AI in video surveillance and security

Edge AI can be used in video surveillance systems to detect intrusions or suspicious behavior in real-time. The ability to process data locally reduces network load and can enable more efficient video storage.

The advantages of Edge AI

  • Reduced Latency – Edge AI enables data processing directly on local devices, decreasing latency by making real-time decisions.
  • Enhanced privacy and security: By processing data locally, Edge AI minimizes the need to transfer sensitive information to the cloud.
  • Energy efficiency: Edge AI avoids constant data transfer over high-speed networks, thus consuming less energy compared to cloud processing.
  • Greater autonomy: Devices that incorporate Edge AI can make critical decisions without the need for a constant connection to the cloud. This is essential in applications such as drones, robots, and autonomous medical devices.
  • Less reliance on connectivity: Edge AI enables devices to operate effectively even in areas with intermittent or limited connectivity.
  • Bandwidth optimization: The ability to process data locally reduces the load on networks and the need to transmit large volumes of information to the cloud.
  • Greater scalability – Edge AI is highly scalable and can be deployed on a variety of devices and systems without the need for expensive cloud infrastructure.
  • Greater resilience: The ability to make decisions locally makes Edge AI-based systems more resilient to connectivity disruptions or cloud server failures.
  • Reduced operating costs: Edge AI can reduce operating costs by decreasing the amount of data transferred and processed in the cloud. This translates into lower bandwidth and cloud resource costs.
  • Fast response to critical events: By processing data locally, it allows faster responses to critical events. This is essential in security and emergency applications.

Thus, Edge AI is one of the rapidly growing trends in AI that has the most potential in the short term. It is transforming the way data is processed and analyzed. Thanks to its reduced latency, increased privacy and security, and network efficiency, these custom software development services will have a significant impact on many industries. In short, when we talk about AI at the edge we are talking about the next generation of intelligent and personalized solutions in real time.

How to upgrade from Opencart to Opencart and minor versions of 4

We started upgrading some of our clients to Opencart from Opencart Here are the steps that we follow and some of the issues that we face and their solution to fix the issue.

Before upgrading:

Undertake a meticulous pre-upgrade assessment to identify and address potential issues

  • Backup Backup Backup – database, files and folders, and images, if you are using downloads, don’t forget to backup both the system and the storage download.
  • Review system requirements – mainly Opencart 4 needs PHP 8.0+, so make sure your hosting or servers can be upgraded to PHP 8.0+
  • Plan and check for extensions and themes – ensure all extensions, modules, and themes are available in Opencart version 4 to fulfill your requirements. Many modules are still not upgraded to the Opencart 4 version.
  • Review the custom modifications that are added to the OpenCart 3 installation, you’ll need to upgrade those changes to OpenCart 4. All OCMOD customization will not work on Opencart 4. Either you have to convert it to an event system or install the VqMod in Opencart 4 and change the OCMOD to VqMod
  • Prepare the staging/testing: Set up a staging environment and test the upgrade process there first. This allows you to identify and resolve any issues before applying the changes to your live store.

Backup of all things before you start and make sure twice everythinG is Backed up

While upgrading:

First, do everything in the development or testing environment and then only do the same thing to live servers. Download the Opencart version, this is the latest while we were upgrading. Then, extract the zip file and upload all of the files inside the Upload folder to your server. In some of the cases we use SFTP, this is a way we do this if we have not set up any CI/CD for clients else we follow Continuous integration and continuous deployment.

File override while Opencart Upgrade

Once you upload all the files and folders, now run YOURWEBSITEURL/install, then you will see like below:

Opencart 4 admin url to upgrade

Patch one and Patch two are easily applied.

Opencart Upgrade process

We started seeing errors in Patch Third. We see errors like the following:
Error one:

SyntaxError: Unexpected token '<', "<b>Excepti"... is not valid JSON
<b>Exception</b>: Error: Table storage engine for '#sql-263_175e' doesn't have this option<br/>Error No: 1031<br/>ALTER TABLE `oc_product_discount` ENGINE = `InnoDB` in <b>/home/rupaknpl/merging/system/library/db/mysqli.php</b> on line <b>68</b>
Opencart upgrade steps error

Maybe this issue is only for us in one client, some of their database tables were in InnoDB and some were in MyISAM. So to fix it we ran the following query.

AND table_schema = 'YOUR_DATABASE_NAME';

Successful upgrade

After the above fix, we ran YOURWEBSITEURL/install again and it went smoothly. The 3, 4,5,6, and 7 are also quick but 8 takes some time, so just have some patience and wait, 9 was quick overall time taken was around 7 mins. If you guys see any console errors that we did not mention above then please let us know and we can help you to fix them.

Upgrade process completion

Once the upgrade is complete.

Admin login issue

Now we tried to go to the admin section. We were not able to log in with the old username and password, so we had to insert the username and password from SQL. Here is the SQL that we use:

INSERT INTO `oc_user` (`user_group_id`,`username`,`password`,`firstname`,`lastname`,`email`,`image`,`code`,`ip`,`status`,`date_added`) VALUES (1,'admin','$2y$10$3Tofs9U7zGWhbQ67l7uageuxOjo6zU88pRESFZaxY.D3Ms4RSSIAu','John','Doe','youremail@gmail.com','','','::1',1,'2022-06-04 11:39:23');

With the run of the above query, now you can log in with username: admin and password: admin123. After you log in you can remove the /install folder, set the new storage folder, and rename the admin folder to your desired name.

Missing extensions:

In one of our clients, we saw all the installed extensions are missing, install Extensions are empty like below:

Missing extension in Opencart 4

We upload all the files and folders inside the /extension folder of the Opencart 4 zip extract. Then we ran the following queries to add all the opencart extension paths.

INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (1,1,'opencart');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (2,1,'opencart/admin');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (3,1,'opencart/admin/controller');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (4,1,'opencart/admin/controller/analytics');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (5,1,'opencart/admin/controller/analytics/index.html');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (6,1,'opencart/admin/controller/captcha');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (7,1,'opencart/admin/controller/captcha/basic.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (8,1,'opencart/admin/controller/currency');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (9,1,'opencart/admin/controller/currency/ecb.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (10,1,'opencart/admin/controller/currency/fixer.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (11,1,'opencart/admin/controller/dashboard');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (12,1,'opencart/admin/controller/dashboard/activity.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (13,1,'opencart/admin/controller/dashboard/chart.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (14,1,'opencart/admin/controller/dashboard/customer.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (15,1,'opencart/admin/controller/dashboard/map.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (16,1,'opencart/admin/controller/dashboard/online.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (17,1,'opencart/admin/controller/dashboard/order.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (18,1,'opencart/admin/controller/dashboard/recent.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (19,1,'opencart/admin/controller/dashboard/sale.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (20,1,'opencart/admin/controller/feed');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (21,1,'opencart/admin/controller/feed/index.html');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (22,1,'opencart/admin/controller/fraud');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (23,1,'opencart/admin/controller/fraud/ip.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (24,1,'opencart/admin/controller/module');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (25,1,'opencart/admin/controller/module/account.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (26,1,'opencart/admin/controller/module/banner.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (27,1,'opencart/admin/controller/module/bestseller.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (28,1,'opencart/admin/controller/module/category.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (29,1,'opencart/admin/controller/module/featured.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (30,1,'opencart/admin/controller/module/filter.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (31,1,'opencart/admin/controller/module/html.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (32,1,'opencart/admin/controller/module/information.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (33,1,'opencart/admin/controller/module/latest.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (34,1,'opencart/admin/controller/module/special.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (35,1,'opencart/admin/controller/module/store.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (36,1,'opencart/admin/controller/payment');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (37,1,'opencart/admin/controller/payment/bank_transfer.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (38,1,'opencart/admin/controller/payment/cheque.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (39,1,'opencart/admin/controller/payment/cod.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (40,1,'opencart/admin/controller/payment/free_checkout.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (41,1,'opencart/admin/controller/report');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (42,1,'opencart/admin/controller/report/customer_activity.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (43,1,'opencart/admin/controller/report/customer_order.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (44,1,'opencart/admin/controller/report/customer_reward.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (45,1,'opencart/admin/controller/report/customer_search.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (46,1,'opencart/admin/controller/report/customer_transaction.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (47,1,'opencart/admin/controller/report/customer_subscription.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (48,1,'opencart/admin/controller/report/marketing.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (49,1,'opencart/admin/controller/report/product_purchased.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (50,1,'opencart/admin/controller/report/product_viewed.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (51,1,'opencart/admin/controller/report/sale_coupon.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (52,1,'opencart/admin/controller/report/sale_order.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (53,1,'opencart/admin/controller/report/sale_return.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (54,1,'opencart/admin/controller/report/sale_shipping.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (55,1,'opencart/admin/controller/report/sale_tax.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (56,1,'opencart/admin/controller/shipping');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (57,1,'opencart/admin/controller/shipping/flat.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (58,1,'opencart/admin/controller/shipping/free.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (59,1,'opencart/admin/controller/shipping/item.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (60,1,'opencart/admin/controller/shipping/pickup.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (61,1,'opencart/admin/controller/shipping/weight.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (62,1,'opencart/admin/controller/theme');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (63,1,'opencart/admin/controller/theme/basic.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (64,1,'opencart/admin/controller/total');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (65,1,'opencart/admin/controller/total/coupon.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (66,1,'opencart/admin/controller/total/credit.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (67,1,'opencart/admin/controller/total/handling.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (68,1,'opencart/admin/controller/total/low_order_fee.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (69,1,'opencart/admin/controller/total/reward.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (70,1,'opencart/admin/controller/total/shipping.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (71,1,'opencart/admin/controller/total/sub_total.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (72,1,'opencart/admin/controller/total/tax.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (73,1,'opencart/admin/controller/total/total.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (74,1,'opencart/admin/controller/total/voucher.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (75,1,'opencart/admin/language');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (76,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (77,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/captcha');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (78,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/captcha/basic.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (79,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/currency');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (80,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/currency/ecb.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (81,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/currency/fixer.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (82,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/dashboard');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (83,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/dashboard/activity.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (84,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/dashboard/chart.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (85,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/dashboard/customer.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (86,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/dashboard/map.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (87,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/dashboard/online.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (88,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/dashboard/order.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (89,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/dashboard/recent.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (90,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/dashboard/sale.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (91,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/fraud');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (92,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/fraud/ip.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (93,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/module');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (94,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/module/account.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (95,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/module/banner.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (96,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/module/bestseller.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (97,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/module/category.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (98,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/module/featured.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (99,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/module/filter.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (100,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/module/html.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (101,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/module/information.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (102,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/module/latest.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (103,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/module/special.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (104,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/module/store.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (105,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/payment');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (106,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/payment/bank_transfer.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (107,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/payment/cheque.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (108,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/payment/cod.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (109,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/payment/free_checkout.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (110,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/report');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (111,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/report/customer_activity.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (112,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/report/customer_order.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (113,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/report/customer_reward.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (114,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/report/customer_search.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (115,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/report/customer_transaction.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (116,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/report/customer_subscription.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (117,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/report/marketing.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (118,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/report/product_purchased.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (119,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/report/product_viewed.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (120,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/report/sale_coupon.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (121,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/report/sale_order.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (122,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/report/sale_return.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (123,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/report/sale_shipping.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (124,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/report/sale_tax.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (125,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/shipping');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (126,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/shipping/flat.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (127,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/shipping/free.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (128,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/shipping/item.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (129,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/shipping/pickup.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (130,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/shipping/weight.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (131,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/theme');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (132,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/theme/basic.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (133,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/total');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (134,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/total/coupon.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (135,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/total/credit.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (136,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/total/handling.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (137,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/total/low_order_fee.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (138,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/total/reward.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (139,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/total/shipping.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (140,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/total/sub_total.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (141,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/total/tax.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (142,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/total/total.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (143,1,'opencart/admin/language/en-gb/total/voucher.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (144,1,'opencart/admin/model');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (145,1,'opencart/admin/model/dashboard');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (146,1,'opencart/admin/model/dashboard/map.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (147,1,'opencart/admin/model/fraud');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (148,1,'opencart/admin/model/fraud/ip.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (149,1,'opencart/admin/model/payment');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (150,1,'opencart/admin/model/report');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (151,1,'opencart/admin/model/report/activity.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (152,1,'opencart/admin/model/report/coupon.php');
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INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (317,1,'opencart/catalog/model/payment/cheque.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (318,1,'opencart/catalog/model/payment/cod.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (319,1,'opencart/catalog/model/payment/free_checkout.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (320,1,'opencart/catalog/model/shipping');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (321,1,'opencart/catalog/model/shipping/flat.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (322,1,'opencart/catalog/model/shipping/free.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (323,1,'opencart/catalog/model/shipping/item.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (324,1,'opencart/catalog/model/shipping/pickup.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (325,1,'opencart/catalog/model/shipping/weight.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (326,1,'opencart/catalog/model/total');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (327,1,'opencart/catalog/model/total/coupon.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (328,1,'opencart/catalog/model/total/credit.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (329,1,'opencart/catalog/model/total/handling.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (330,1,'opencart/catalog/model/total/low_order_fee.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (331,1,'opencart/catalog/model/total/reward.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (332,1,'opencart/catalog/model/total/shipping.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (333,1,'opencart/catalog/model/total/sub_total.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (334,1,'opencart/catalog/model/total/tax.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (335,1,'opencart/catalog/model/total/total.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (336,1,'opencart/catalog/model/total/voucher.php');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (337,1,'opencart/catalog/view');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (338,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (339,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/captcha');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (340,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/captcha/basic.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (341,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/module');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (342,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/module/account.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (343,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/module/banner.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (344,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/module/bestseller.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (345,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/module/category.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (346,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/module/featured.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (347,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/module/filter.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (348,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/module/html.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (349,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/module/information.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (350,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/module/latest.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (351,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/module/special.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (352,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/module/store.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (353,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/payment');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (354,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/payment/bank_transfer.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (355,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/payment/cheque.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (356,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/payment/cod.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (357,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/payment/free_checkout.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (358,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/total');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (359,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/total/coupon.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (360,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/total/reward.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (361,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/total/shipping.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (362,1,'opencart/catalog/view/template/total/voucher.twig');
INSERT INTO `oc_extension_path` (`extension_path_id`,`extension_install_id`,`path`) VALUES (363,1,'opencart/install.json');

Likewise, to fix the above issue we ran another query to insert the extension install.

INSERT INTO `oc_extension_install` (`extension_install_id`,`extension_id`,`extension_download_id`,`name`,`code`,`version`,`author`,`link`,`status`,`date_added`) VALUES (1,0,0,'OpenCart Default Extensions','opencart','1.0','OpenCart Ltd','http://www.opencart.com',1,'2020-08-29 15:35:39');

With those above three steps, we were able to see all the extensions again.

Admin Dashboard is empty

All of the admin dashboard reports were missing.

Empty dashboard

To add reports in the admin dashboard of Opencart 4, we follow the instructions on this blog:

SEO URL changes in Opencart 4

Database SEO table oc_seo_url was not updated or transferred fully as the Opencart version 4 change added a new table structure. The oc_seo_url table is fixed by running the following queries:

UPDATE `oc_seo_url` SET `key` = SUBSTRING_INDEX(query, '=', 1), `value` = SUBSTRING_INDEX(query, '=', -1)
SEO table changes

Install Extensions

After upgrading, make sure you install all the extensions again so that you don’t conflict with any other things.

After upgrade

Functionality Testing: Thoroughly test all website functionalities, check for add to cart, all pages like home, product, category, cart, checkout, etc, sign up, log in, forget the password, etc.

Extensions Testing: Check all extensions are installed, and make sure you check the Order Totals, payments, shipping, modules, etc.

Checkout Page: Opencart 4 has a one-page checkout by default so check if it is showing the right shipping address, payment address, shipping methods, and payment methods and see if the totals are correct.

Coupon Functionalities: Check for coupon functionalities.

SEO Review: Verify that SEO elements such as meta titles, meta descriptions, header tags, and URLs are showing correctly on the page. See the top 25 opencart SEO best practices.

Security Audit: Conduct a security audit to identify and address potential vulnerabilities.

Mail Function: Don’t forget to check the email functionalities.

Product Feeds: Enabled your feed and sitemap. And don’t forget to submit your sitemap to Google Webmaster.

Test Thoroughly: After upgrading, test your store to ensure that all functionalities, extensions, and themes are working correctly. Check for any broken links (we mostly check with https://www.brokenlinkcheck.com), missing images, or other issues.

Monitor Performance: After the upgrade, keep an eye on your store’s performance, and address any performance issues.

Analytics and Tracking: Check your analytics and tracking codes.

Please take a look at the OpenCart Site Launch Checklist, we have listed most of the functionality to test before launch.


In this way, you can upgrade Opencart from version 3 to 4, it is a complex process, and it’s common for some issues to surface post-upgrade. Being proactive in testing, monitoring, and addressing issues will help ensure that your website remains functional and user-friendly after the upgrade.  Upgrade your OpenCart e-commerce platform effortlessly with our professional services. Enjoy enhanced features, improved security, and a smoother user experience. Contact us for a seamless upgrade process. Please let us know if you faced any problems while upgrading Opencart and have questions or concerns so that we can help you out, similarly, let us know if there are other best solutions. Till then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Opencart video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.

Unleash Your Creativity With AI Tools for UX Design

Artificial Intelligence, commonly referred to as AI, may seem like a complex term at first glance. However, in the UI UX design services space, AI can be a powerful “assistant” helping in creative processes. In this article, we take a deeper dive into its fundamental concepts and demonstrate AI’s role in optimizing UX design processes and how using AI-powered tools can bring about greater efficiency and creativity in design works.

AI and its Implications on Modern UX

AI is not another buzzword or a mere trend; it represents a transformative shift not just in the UX design space but in vastly all aspects of life. Here, we examine its transformative role in shaping modern UX. From automating routine tasks to producing innovative designs, AI is changing what designers can accomplish. In this subsection, we look closely at real-world examples of AI tools that are revolutionizing this field of design.

Let’s embark on this adventure together to uncover the immense potential of AI tools in UX design, demystifying their concepts and exploring their practical applications.

UXPilot by Adam Fard Studio: For Designers by Designers

UXPilot stands as a testament to the ingenuity of AI-driven tools in the realm of UX design. Developed by Adam Fard Studio, this tool is a true ally for designers, crafted with a deep understanding of their needs and challenges. Here are five key features:

AI-UX Design Review: UXPilot leverages AI to conduct in-depth design reviews. It identifies areas for improvement, suggests design enhancements, and ensures that your user interfaces are intuitive and user-friendly.

ChatGPT Integration in Figma: With seamless integration into Figma, UI UX design services Pilot brings the power of ChatGPT right into your design environment. This allows for real-time collaboration, instant insights, and the ability to brainstorm and refine ideas within your design tool.

Custom Workshops: UX Pilot provides the flexibility to create custom workshops tailored to your specific design challenges. These workshops facilitate team collaboration, idea generation, and problem-solving, all guided by AI-powered insights.

Requirements Gathering: The tool assists in gathering project requirements by analyzing user needs and project objectives. It ensures that your design aligns perfectly with the goals of your product or service.

From Requirements to Style Guide: UXPilot covers the entire design journey, from gathering requirements to creating a comprehensive style guide. It streamlines the process, helping designers maintain consistency in design elements.

Framer: A Revolution in Website Development

Framer is a fantastic tool that’s been creating waves in the world of web development. Framer isn’t just another tool for design, it’s a revolution. Framer makes use of AI to expand the boundaries of what’s possible in web design.

Custom-designed interactive designs: Framer allows you to design fully custom dynamic web design. There are no limitations on templates or pre-built elements, allowing you the ability to create websites that reflect your ideas precisely.

AI-powered Design Suggestions for Designers: Framer’s algorithms for AI aid you in creating design suggestions. The suggestions taken from these algorithms are built on the user’s behavior and trends, which ensures that your designs aren’t just visually appealing, but also optimized for engagement with users.

Prototype testing: The tool provides an environment that is robust to test prototypes. It is easy to test the usability and functionality of your designs. You can also identify areas of improvement and quickly iterate.

Collaboration Features: Framer facilitates collaboration among design teams. Multiple team members can collaborate on the same project at the same time while sharing feedback and participating in your design in real-time.

Code Export: Framer eases transitions from designing to developing by permitting you to export your production-ready code. This simplifies the transfer process to developers, making sure that your designs are accurately converted into web-based applications.

Wizard: Design Automation and Ideation

Wizard is an AI-powered, cutting-edge tool that is focused on ideation and design automation. It provides a range of remarkable tools to simplify the design process and boost creativity:

Instant Design Prototyping: The Uizard lets designers convert sketches and wireframes into interactive prototypes in a matter of minutes. This feature speeds up the prototyping stage, thereby reducing precious time during design.

Real-Time Collaboration: With Uizard Multiple team members can work on designs in real time. This improves communications and helps ensure that everybody is on the same level.

Design-to-Code Converter: Uizard is able to create code from design files. This is a bridge between development and design which makes it simpler to convert designs into functional websites and apps.

AI-Powered Idea: Uizard employs AI to provide layouts and design elements in response to the project’s requirements. It gives creative insight to designers, generating new ideas and improving the design quality.

Users Testing Integration: This tool effortlessly integrates with platforms for user testing which allows designers to collect valuable feedback from users and make data-driven design decisions.

ChatGPT: Generative Content Creation Powerhouse

ChatGPT is an AI-powered program that is known for its unique generative content creation capabilities. It comes with a range of tools that allow users to produce high-quality content with ease:

Human-quality text generation: ChatGPT is a pro at creating text that is similar to human writing. It’s an invaluable tool for bloggers, content creators, and other marketers seeking to create interesting as well as informative material.

Seamless Language Translation: Language barriers are not a problem for ChatGPT. It can translate text into different languages easily and is a useful instrument for the production of global content.

Profound Insights: ChatGPT gives users extensive insights into a broad variety of subjects. If you’re looking to study the subject or gain a better understanding of your target audience, ChatGPT can deliver valuable data.

Multi-purpose Content Creation: This tool can be proficient in creating various kinds of content such as blog post articles, articles as well as social media content, and many more. Its flexibility makes it an essential tool for creators of content.

Continuous Learning: ChatGPT constantly learns and grows from user interaction. This means it changes and improves as time passes, delivering users with ever-sophisticated content.

Jasper: Brand-Focused Content Optimization

Jasper is a remarkable AI-powered tool designed to optimize content with a focus on branding. It offers a suite of features that cater to businesses looking to enhance their content creation process:

Brand-Centric Content Generation: Jasper excels in creating content that aligns perfectly with your brand’s voice and style. It ensures consistency and reinforces brand identity in every piece of content produced.

Adaptable Writing Styles: Whether you need blog posts, articles, or social media content, Jasper can adapt to various writing styles and genres. This versatility ensures that your content is tailored to your specific needs.

Personalized Writing Preferences: Jasper adapts to your writing preferences over time. It understands your unique style and provides suggestions that resonate with your brand’s character.

Enhanced Writing Abilities: Jasper doesn’t just generate content; it actively collaborates with users to improve their writing skills. It offers feedback and suggestions to elevate the quality of your content.

Effortless Creativity: With Jasper, the creative content production process becomes seamless. It empowers businesses to produce engaging and brand-focused content efficiently.

Fronty: Image to HTML Magic

Fronty is an AI-powered program that specializes in converting pictures to HTML code, which makes web development easier and more effective. Here are some of the key advantages of Fronty:

Image-to-HTML Conversion: Fronty makes it easier to complete the process of converting photos to HTML as well as CSS code. Developers and designers can save time and energy by automatizing this process.

Responsive Design: Fronty makes sure that the code generated is flexible, adjusting to various screens and sizes. This helps to create websites that offer a seamless user experience across different platforms.

Clean Code output: It generates clear and well-organized code, which is vital for keeping websites up-to-date and maintained. The resultant websites are functional and user-friendly.

User-Friendly Interface: Fronty provides an intuitive web interface, making the conversion process available to developers and designers with all levels of skill.

integration capabilities: Fronty can integrate the most popular software and tools for design which makes it an adaptable tool to be used in any workflow in web development.

Khroma: Palette Perfection

Khroma is an AI-powered tool that specializes in helping designers develop the perfect colors for their projects. Five key characteristics of Khroma:

Personalized Algorithm: Khroma uses a personalized algorithm based on your color preferences. You can train it to generate colors you like and block ones you don’t right in your browser.

Infinite Combos: The tool has learned from thousands of popular palettes on the internet to create great color combinations. These combos can be viewed as typography, gradients, palettes, or custom images.

Search and Filter: Khroma allows you to search and filter the color generator by hue, tint, value, color, as well as hex and RGB values, making it easy to find the perfect colors.

Save to Your Collection: You can create an unlimited library of your favorite color combinations and save them for future reference. Khroma provides color names, hex codes, RGB values, CSS codes, and WCAG accessibility ratings for each pair.

Efficiency in Workflow: Khroma simplifies the process of selecting colors which saves designers time while aiding them in maintaining the consistency of their designs.

Visualeyes: Testing and Prototyping Marvels

Visualeyes is an AI-powered tool that allows testing and prototyping by users in this UI UX design services process. Five key functions of Visualeyes:

Automation of User Tests: Visualeyes will perform user testing automatically analyze the way the users use your design and provide valuable insight.

click tracking and heatmaps: This tool creates heatmaps and click tracking data to assist designers in understanding the user’s behavior and making better design choices.

Interactive Prototyping: Visualeyes enables designers to build interactive prototypes in a short time and improve the experience of testing for users.

Behavior Analysis: It gives users insight into how they navigate through the prototypes, identifying weak areas and areas of improvement.

Customer Feedback Integration: Visualeyes is a tool to collect feedback from users and feedback, further improving the process of iterative design.

Adobe Sensei: Elevating Adobe Tools with AI

Adobe Sensei is the AI-powered platform of Adobe which integrates with a variety of Adobe toolkits for design. Five key functions in Adobe Sensei:

Image Recognition: Adobe Sensei can instantly recognize and label objects in images and make the management of assets more efficient.

Content-Aware Fill: This feature intelligently fills in gaps or eliminates undesirable items from photos, thereby saving time during the editing process.

The ability to match fonts: Adobe Sensei can suggest font matchups to text within images, which ensures consistency in designs and branding.

Automatic Tagging and Organization: The platform will automatically tag and categorize assets making it easier for users to find and utilize the assets in design projects.

Enhanced Search: The user can search for advanced terms in the design file, which includes looking for specific elements within images.

What is C# used for? A Complete Guide for decision-makers

If you’re thinking about which programming language to use, you’ve probably come across C#. But what is C# used for and why should you care? 

C# developed by Microsoft is a general-purpose programming language. It is an object-oriented programming language that is part of the .NET framework. This makes it very relevant for organizations that need a reliable, scalable, and secure language for a wide range of software development services.

What is C#?

Keys to use

Let’s dive right into the key applications of C#.

Web applications development

  • First on the list is web application development. C# is the core language of ASP.NET, a framework designed specifically for creating dynamic and robust web applications.
  • We’re not talking about basic websites. ASP.NET allows you to create complex, data-driven web applications that can scale to meet the demands of large user bases.
  • Whether you’re building an e-commerce platform, a social media site, or an internal business application, C# provides you with the necessary tools and libraries.

Game development

  • Later, C# has carved out an important role in the world of game development.
  • This is largely due to its seamless integration with Unity, one of the industry’s leading game development engines. Unity’s capabilities are not limited to any specific type of game, meaning you can use C# to develop anything from a mobile puzzle game to a high-definition console game.
  • The language’s object-oriented programming features make it easy to manage complex game architectures, providing both flexibility and control.

Desktop and mobile applications

  • But the usefulness of C# does not end there. The language is also a solid choice for creating both desktop and mobile applications.
  • For desktop applications, Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) offers a rich set of features to create visually appealing and interactive user interfaces. On mobile, Xamarin lets you use C# to create apps that run smoothly on Android, iOS, and Windows.
  • This cross-platform capability means you can target multiple operating systems without having to learn a new language for each one.

Cloud computing and IoT solutions

  • Finally, let’s not overlook the growing presence of C# in cloud computing and the Internet of Things (IoT).
  • The compatibility of this language with the .NET platform makes it ideal for developing cloud-based applications and services.
  • Whether you want to build a scalable web service or manage IoT devices, C# offers libraries and frameworks that simplify these complex tasks.

Benefits: Why choose C#?

Understanding the benefits of C# can provide valuable information to decision-makers. Here’s a more detailed, yet concise, look at why C# might be the right choice for your projects.

Static typing: Early error detection

One of the most notable features of C# is static typing. This feature allows you to detect errors during the development phase instead of after the application is live. It’s a proactive approach that saves time and resources, making your development process more efficient.

Class libraries: Streamline your development

C# includes a large number of class libraries. These are essentially building blocks of pre-written code that your developers can use. This speeds up the development process and allows you to bring your app to market faster.

Integration with Microsoft Visual Studio: 

All-in-one development environment. C# integrates seamlessly with Microsoft Visual Studio, an industry-leading IDE for software development. This integration provides a unified environment for your development needs, making the process more agile and efficient.

Community Support: A wealth of resources

C# has enormous community support, which is a significant advantage. If your team runs into a problem, there is a good chance that solutions or workarounds are readily available. This community-driven support can be very valuable in resolving issues in a timely manner.

Current Status: What’s new in C#?

Microsoft updates C# frequently to introduce new features and functionality. This constant evolution keeps C# at the forefront of the most popular programming languages. Below are some key points that highlight the continued advances in C#:

Features and functionalities

  • Pattern Matching – This feature allows for more expressive and concise code, making it easier to work with complex data types.
  • Records – Introduced to simplify the creation of immutable types, records are a game-changer for custom software development companies that prioritize immutability in their applications.
  • Nullable Reference Types – This feature helps developers avoid null reference exceptions, a common mistake in C# programming.
  • Asynchronous streams – This makes it easier to work with real-time data and improves the performance of applications that rely on data streams.

Integration with the .NET platform

C# is tightly integrated with the .NET platform, which is updated regularly. The latest versions of .NET offer improved performance, new libraries, and better cloud integration. This makes C# a solid choice for any organization looking to invest in a robust, scalable, and well-supported programming language.

Community Contributions

One of the strengths of C# lies in its enormous support from the community. The community often contributes to the development of the language, offering libraries and frameworks that enrich the C# ecosystem.

Industry adoption

C# is not only popular but also widely adopted in various industries. From web application development to game development and from cloud computing to IoT solutions, C# is a versatile and reliable choice.

Risks and challenges: What to consider

When adopting any programming language, it is important to weigh the pros and cons. C# is a popular programming language with a lot to offer, but it also has its own set of challenges that decision-makers need to consider.

Learning curve

One of the first things to keep in mind is the learning curve. Although C# is an object-oriented language that many find intuitive, it can be more challenging for beginners compared to other languages such as Visual Basic. This could mean a longer onboarding process for new developers, which could slow down the initial stages of development.

Performance optimization

Another concern is performance. C# is a powerful language, but if not optimized correctly, it can result in slower application speeds. This is particularly important for real-time applications, where milliseconds matter.

Compatibility and integration

C# is very versatile and integrates well with various databases and front-end technologies, making it a good choice if you already use Microsoft technologies or the .NET platform. However, if your technology stack is built on other platforms, integrating C# could require more time and resources.


Although C# itself is free to use, the software development services environment, particularly Microsoft Visual Studio, may require paid licenses. Additionally, since C# is one of the most popular programming languages, the demand for skilled developers can increase labor costs.

Community support

Although C# has enormous community support, it’s worth noting that some niche applications may not have as many resources or solutions readily available as more commonly used technologies. This might mean relying more on internal problem-solving.

Despite these challenges, it is important to note that C# remains a solid choice for a wide variety of software development projects. Its versatility, robustness, and the support of a large community and Microsoft make it a language that can offer more advantages than disadvantages, especially for projects that require scalability, security, and performance.

Sufficiency: Is C# suitable for your project?

The suitability of C# depends on the specific needs of your project. For example, if you are dealing with web services or cloud-based solutions, C# is often the preferred choice. It’s essential to evaluate your project requirements and see how they align with C# capabilities.

Collaboration opportunities with external developers

C# occupies a position as one of the most popular programming languages, creating a favorable landscape for organizations considering external development resources.

C#’s extensive pool of third-party developers offers a wealth of contract and project work options, 

presenting a valuable opportunity for organizations to leverage specialized expertise as needed.

Positive aspects to take into account:

  • Cost Flexibility : 

The deep talent pool for C# allows organizations to find developers to fit various budget constraints. Whether you’re looking for emerging talent or seasoned experts, there’s likely a cost-effective option for your needs.

  • Diverse Skill Sets : 

Since C# is used in a variety of fields, from web application development to game development, you have the opportunity to find developers with the exact skill set that matches your project requirements.

  • Immediate availability : 

The popularity of C# means that there are a large number of developers available for hire. This can streamline the hiring process, allowing you to get started on your project sooner.

  • Ease of project alignment :

Given the structured and well-documented nature of C#, bringing in third-party developers can be a simple process. This helps quickly align them with your project goals.

  • Cultural synergy : 

The large community around C# often shares best practices and values continuous learning, making it easy to find third-party developers who fit well with your organization’s culture and communication style.

Security and Compliance

C# offers robust security features, but like any language, the security of your application ultimately depends on best practices during the development process. Therefore, it is important to consider how C# aligns with your organization’s compliance requirements.

Long term aspects

C# offers several advantages for long-term maintenance, primarily due to its object-oriented programming structure. This allows for modular code, which simplifies updates and changes. Additionally, C# benefits from tremendous community support and regular updates from Microsoft as part of the .NET framework. These factors help make long-term maintenance easier and more cost-effective.

However, there are also considerations:

  • Project complexity: A more complex project will require more specialized knowledge for long-term maintenance.
  • Choice of frameworks: Choice of frameworks can influence long-term maintainability.
  • Costs: Although C# is free, some associated tools and frameworks have costs that can add up.

Alternatives to C#

When considering C# for your next project, it’s important to weigh it against other programming languages that might also meet your needs.

Here are some alternatives:


  • General-purpose object-oriented language: Similar to C#, Java is also a general-purpose programming language.
  • Community Support – Java has a large and active community, comparable to that of C#.
  • Cross-platform: Unlike C#, which is strong on the .NET platform, Java offers broader cross-platform support.
  • Web Application Development – Java is commonly used to create enterprise web applications.


  • Ease of use: Python is famous for its simple syntax, which makes it easy to learn.
  • Versatility: This language is used in various applications, from web services to data analysis and artificial intelligence.
  • Rapid development: Python is designed for agile development and offers several frameworks that speed up the process.
  • Community and libraries: Although different from the .NET framework on which C# is based, Python has an ecosystem of libraries and an active community.


  • Developer Ease – Ruby is designed to be easy to read and write, prioritizing the developer experience.
  • Web development: Thanks to Ruby on Rails, a very popular framework, Ruby is a solid choice for web application development.
  • Community: Although smaller than the C# or Java communities, the Ruby community is committed.
  • Flexibility: Ruby allows for greater flexibility in the code, which could be an advantage or a disadvantage, depending on the needs of your project. The best choice will depend on several factors, such as your project requirements, the experience of your custom software development company, and your long-term technology strategy. Therefore, understanding the nuances of these programming languages can provide valuable information for decision-makers.

Conclusion: Make an informed decision

C# is a versatile and reliable programming language that offers a wide range of applications for modern businesses.

From web application development to game development, and from cloud computing to IoT solutions, C# is a strong contender for any organization looking to invest in a robust, scalable, and well-supported programming language.

Final year Project Proposal On E-shopping with affiliation

Project Proposal On E-shopping with affiliation

A Project Proposal On E-shopping with Affiliation

Submitted By:
Jayman Tamang
Rupak Nepali

Submitted to:
Nobel College
Faculty of management
Pokhara University

July 2010

Table of contents

Chapter 1

  1. Introduction to e-shopping
  2. History of e-shopping
  3. Historical Timeline of E-shopping
  4. Objectives of e-shopping
  5. Current e-shopping sites in Nepal

Chapter 2

  1. Purpose of the project
  2. Scope of the project
  3. Phases of Development of the Project
    3.1 Problem definition: pay by the customer for the product, advertisement
    3.2 Feasibility study
    3.3 Project Analysis
    3.4 Project design
    3.5 Project Coding and Testing

Chapter 3

  1. Tools and techniques that are required
  2. Threats and Risks


Chapter 1


Electronic Commerce or e-commerce is business transactions that take place through communication networks. It is a process of buying and selling products, services, and information over the computer network. E-commerce is a set of dynamic technologies, applications, and business processes that link organizations, customers, suppliers, and communities through electronic transactions and the electronic exchange of information products and services

Electronic commerce that is conducted between businesses and consumers, on the other hand, is referred to as business-to-consumer or B2C. This is the type of electronic commerce conducted by companies such as Amazon.com.

Online shopping is a form of electronic commerce where the buyer is directly online to the seller’s computer usually via the Internet. There is no intermediary service. The sale and purchase transaction is completed electronically and interactively in real-time such as Amazon.com for new books. If an intermediary is present, then the sale and purchase transaction is called electronic commerce such as eBay.com.

History of e-shopping

Originally, electronic commerce meant the facilitation of commercial transactions electronically, using technology such as Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) and Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT). These were both introduced in the late 1970s, allowing businesses to send commercial documents like purchase orders or invoices electronically.

Online shopping, a form of electronic commerce, In 1979 Michael Aldrich, an English inventor, connected a modified 26″ color domestic television to a real-time transaction processing the computer via a domestic telephone line and invented online shopping. The first recorded B2B was Thomson Holidays in 1981 the first recorded B2C was Gateshead SIS/Tesco in 1984. The world’s first recorded online home shopper was Mrs. Jane Snowball, 72, of Gateshead, England in May 1984. During the 1980s Aldrich sold many systems mainly in the UK including Ford, Peugeot, General Motors, and Nissan. The Nissan system of 1984/5 was revolutionary. It enabled a car buyer on a dealer’s lot to both buy and finance the car, including a credit check, online. Aldrich invented both the online shopping system and the business rationale for using it. His 1980s systems were as fast as the 2010 internet shopping systems. They used dial-up and leased telephone lines as broadband was not available
From the 1990s onwards, electronic commerce would additionally include enterprise resource planning systems (ERP), data mining, and data warehousing.

An early example of many-to-many electronic commerce in physical goods was the Boston Computer Exchange, a marketplace for used computers launched in 1982. An early online information marketplace, including online consulting, was the American Information Exchange, another pre-Internet online system introduced in 1991.

The Internet became popular worldwide around 1994 when the first Internet online shopping started; it took about five years to introduce security protocols and DSL allowing continual connection to the Internet. By the end of 2000, many European and American business companies offered their services through the World Wide Web. Since then people began to associate the word “eCommerce” with the ability to purchase various goods through the Internet using secure protocols and electronic payment services.

Historical Timeline

1979: Michael Aldrich invented online shopping
1981: Thomson Holidays, UK is the first B2B online shopping
1985: Nissan UK sells cars and finance with credit checking to customers online from dealers’ lots.
Pizza Hut offered online ordering on its Web page in 1992
1995: Jeff Bezos launches Amazon.com
2010: US e-Commerce and Online Retail sales are projected to reach $173 billion, an increase of 7 percent over 2009

Objectives of e-shopping

The main objectives of the e-shopping are given below:

  1. To provide information about various products in different categories.
  2. Customers can purchase Products Online.
  3. Customers can log in and get various information about products and can purchase a suitable product with price and quality comparison.
  4. Customers can pay online, so security is a must, therefore, e-shopping provides secure transactions.
  5. After-sale e-shopping also provides after-sales service in which customer problem is solved.
  6. Data security is maintained at a relatively high level by implementing it at the Database level, to ensure that only authorized users have access to confidential client information

Current e-shopping sites in Nepal

The current e-shopping sites in Nepal are:

  1. KathmanduMart.com: This site will deliver state-of-the-art Online Solutions by bringing technology and people together to resolve a wide range of shopping necessities.
  2. NetForNepal.com: A site through which you can send gifts to your family & friends in Nepal.
  3. Nepa Rudraksha: Nepa Rudraksha is founded to achieve the objectives of promoting Nepali Rudraksha and Saligrams.
  4. Pashminarus.com: For the finest collection of the highest quality pashmina shawls from Nepal.
  5. Thamel.com: For all kinds of occasions, send gifts to Nepal
  6. Muncha House – An e-commerce site to send gifts to loved ones in Nepal

Chapter 2

Purpose of the project

We cover a wide variety of topics which are:

  1. Build a product catalog that can be browsed and searched
  2. Implement the catalog administration pages that allow adding, modifying, and removing products, categories, departments, and other administrative features
  3. Create your own shopping basket and check-out mechanism in PHP
  4. Increase sales by implementing product recommendations and product reviews
  5. Handle payments using PayPal and other electronic payments.
  6. Implement a customer accounts system
  7. Integrate Amazon.com web services to sell Amazon.com items through our website.

While implementing these features, we’ll learn how to

  1. Design relational databases and write MySQL queries and stored procedures.
  2. Use the MySQL full-text search feature to implement product searching.
  3. Use the Smarty templating engine to write structured and extensible PHP code.
  4. Implement search engine optimization features
  5. Use AJAX to improve the users’ experience utilizing your website
  6. Integrate external web services

Scope of the project

  1. Increasing the value of the content with accessibility, reusability, and durability.
  2. We will develop the necessary skills to get our business on the Web and available to a worldwide audience.
  3. We’ll understand the concepts, and we’ll have the knowledge.
  4. Affiliation program helps to generate many visitors and is one of the best marketing strategies.

Phases of Development of Project

  1. Problem definition: pay by the customer for the product, advertisement,
  2. Feasibility study
  3. Project analysis
  4. Project design
  5. Project coding and testing

Problem definition

Viewing the latest e-commerce sites implemented in Nepal, it does not contain product reviews, marketing for the products and the sites as well as search engine optimization which ultimately drives visitors to the site and increases the chances that visitors will buy from the same site and not from the competitor.

The sites are also not implementing the latest technology like Drupal, Magento, jQuery, and Ajax and are not user-friendly.

The sites are also not maintaining CRM (customer relationship management) for their future reference

Feasibility study

With the problems addressed above we are making the e-shopping site remove the problems the technological feasibility of this project is that we are using known technologies as well as open-source codes like PHP and MySQL and the operational feasibility is that we can be able to do as per the business requirement, and the economic feasibility is that we are preparing the project as per the partial fulfillment of the BCIS so the economic feasibility is fulfilled.

Project analysis

In this stage, we gather information from different sources for project development. The methods of collecting information are:

  1. Interviewing
  2. Observations
  3. Viewing of documents and manuals from different e-commerce sites

Project design

In this phase, we design the output of the project and its format, inputs, procedures, etc. In this stage we design

  1. PayPal implementation(transactions through PayPal)
  2. Product creation and recommendations
  3. Product Attributes
  4. Creating your own shopping cart
  5. Implementing Ajax features
  6. Searching the catalog and catalog administration
  7. Search engine optimization
  8. Advertisements with affiliation and other media

Project Coding and Testing

In this stage, we convert the system design to a final project using a programming language. In this stage format, error and logic errors are eliminated, and a complete project without any errors.
After completion of coding, the project will be tested to find out that all individual programs perform correctly. Whether the implementation of PayPal, affiliation program, and other services are performing correctly or not is tested.

Date July August September
Phase Week
Feasibility study
Project analysis
Project Design

Project coding and Testing

Gantt chart for project

Chapter 3

Tools and techniques that are required

Tools and techniques Name
Text editor Macromedia Dreamweaver
Flash generator Dreamweaver Flash
Programming languages PHP, Mysql, Javascript, Facebook Markup Language, Paypal Code, Jquery, Ajax, Smarty templating, HTML, XML, DHML, Style Sheets (CSS)
Guidance Oscommerce, Drupal, Magento, and other e-commerce sites
Web Server Apache

What are the requirements that we need?

  1. Affiliation program creation
  2. Basic knowledge of SEO and other marketing strategies such as the Facebook application
  3. How Paypal Transactions work or the implementation of the sandbox.
  4. Knowledge of JavaScript, Ajax, Jquery, and Flash.
  5. Embedded code generation
  6. Knowledge of osCommerce, Drupal, Magento, and other e-commerce sites.

Why go online?

  1. Get more customers
  2. Recognize worldwide
  3. Reduce the costs of fulfilling demands or orders.
  4. Increasing Business Revenue
  5. Increasing the operational value
  6. Increase flexibility

Will the site generate revenue?

Of course, there are so many ways to generate revenue and draw customers to E-shopping sites. The most common uses are:
a) Google Adsense
b) Referral Programs
c) Local Advertisements
d) Newspaper and Media
e) Customer relations management.

Read More: Project proposal presentation of hotel reservation system- eCommerce

What’s new in our project?

Basically, e-shopping is a new concept and many projects have already been made and is emerging in new eras and covers many techniques.
In our project E-shopping with affiliation program, the product on our site can be advertised to the other sites and the affiliated account holder can earn money.
The strategy can be PPC (Pay Per Click) means the affiliated account holder can earn money as per the clicks on our product.

Make money with an affiliate program that pays the account holder for every click
Affiliated account holder gets paid for every visitor that clicks on an advertisement. Our goal is to enable you to make as much as possible from your advertising space, by letting advertisers bid on your ad space. We pay monthly, either by check or instantly through PayPal with a minimum of only $50. They can also promote our site with the banners available and other promotional texts and click providers.

Risks and Threats

All this might make it sound as if your e-commerce business can’t possibly fail. Some risks are particularly relevant to e-commerce companies, such as:

  1. Hacking
  2. Credit card scams
  3. Hardware failures
  4. Unreliable shipping services
  5. Software errors
  6. Changing laws



How to develop an Opencart 4 custom theme? OpenCart 4 theme development tutorial

As part of the Opencart 4 theme development tutorial, We already showed you how to install Opencart 4 theme and to create Opencart 4 custom theme admin section, in today’s tutorial, we are showing you how to develop the frontend section of the Opencart 4 custom theme. You can download the custom Opencart 4 theme here.

The final files and folders structure of the Opencart 4 custom theme looks like below:

opencart 4 custom theme

When we developed the backend code, we have added the Startup code like below:

Opencart 4 custom theme Startup Theme

Taking that into consideration, you need to create the following file at extension >> webocreation4 >> catalog >> controller >> startup >> theme_standard.php, once you create the file, you can use the following lines of code.

namespace Opencart\Catalog\Controller\Extension\webocreation4\Startup;

class ThemeStandard extends \Opencart\System\Engine\Controller
    public function index(): void
        if ($this->config->get('theme_theme_standard_status')) {
            $this->event->register('view/*/before', new \Opencart\System\Engine\Action('extension/webocreation4/startup/theme_standard|event'));

    public function event(string &$route, array &$args, mixed &$output): void
        $override = [

        if (in_array($route, $override)) {
            $route = 'extension/webocreation4/' . $route;

This overrides the header of the code, now, let’s create the header.twig at the extension folder, extension >> webocreation4 >> catalog >> view >> template >> common >> header.twig. Add the following lines of code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html dir="{{ direction }}" lang="{{ lang }}">
  <meta charset="UTF-8"/>
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
  <title>We are Here{{ title }}</title>
  <base href="{{ base }}"/>
  {% if description %}
    <meta name="description" content="{{ description }}"/>
  {% endif %}
  {% if keywords %}
    <meta name="keywords" content="{{ keywords }}"/>
  {% endif %}
  <script src="{{ jquery }}" type="text/javascript"></script>
  <link href="{{ bootstrap }}" type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" media="screen"/>
  <link href="{{ icons }}" type="text/css" rel="stylesheet"/>
  <link href="{{ stylesheet }}" type="text/css" rel="stylesheet"/>
  <link href="extension/webocreation4/catalog/view/stylesheet/stylesheet.css" type="text/css" rel="stylesheet"/>
  {% for style in styles %}
    <link href="{{ style.href }}" type="text/css" rel="{{ style.rel }}" media="{{ style.media }}"/>
  {% endfor %}
  {% for script in scripts %}
    <script src="{{ script }}" type="text/javascript"></script>
  {% endfor %}
  <script src="catalog/view/javascript/common.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
  {% for link in links %}
    <link href="{{ link.href }}" rel="{{ link.rel }}"/>
  {% endfor %}
  {% for analytic in analytics %}
    {{ analytic }}
  {% endfor %}
<nav id="top">
  <div id="alert" class="position-fixed top-0 end-0 p-3" style="z-index: 9999;"></div>
  <div class="container">
    <div class="nav float-start">
      <ul class="list-inline">
        <li class="list-inline-item">{{ currency }}</li>
        <li class="list-inline-item">{{ language }}</li>
    <div class="nav float-end">
      <ul class="list-inline">
        <li class="list-inline-item"><a href="{{ contact }}"><i class="fas fa-phone"></i></a> <span class="d-none d-md-inline">{{ telephone }}</span></li>
        <li class="list-inline-item">
          <div class="dropdown">
            <a href="{{ account }}" class="dropdown-toggle" data-bs-toggle="dropdown"><i class="fas fa-user"></i> <span class="d-none d-md-inline">{{ text_account }}</span> <i class="fas fa-caret-down"></i></a>
            <ul class="dropdown-menu dropdown-menu-right">
              {% if not logged %}
                <li><a href="{{ register }}" class="dropdown-item">{{ text_register }}</a></li>
                <li><a href="{{ login }}" class="dropdown-item">{{ text_login }}</a></li>
              {% else %}
                <li><a href="{{ account }}" class="dropdown-item">{{ text_account }}</a></li>
                <li><a href="{{ order }}" class="dropdown-item">{{ text_order }}</a></li>
                <li><a href="{{ transaction }}" class="dropdown-item">{{ text_transaction }}</a></li>
                <li><a href="{{ download }}" class="dropdown-item">{{ text_download }}</a></li>
                <li><a href="{{ logout }}" class="dropdown-item">{{ text_logout }}</a></li>
              {% endif %}
        <li class="list-inline-item"><a href="{{ wishlist }}" id="wishlist-total" title="{{ text_wishlist }}"><i class="fas fa-heart"></i> <span class="d-none d-md-inline">{{ text_wishlist }}</span></a></li>
        <li class="list-inline-item"><a href="{{ shopping_cart }}" title="{{ text_shopping_cart }}"><i class="fas fa-shopping-cart"></i> <span class="d-none d-md-inline">{{ text_shopping_cart }}</span></a></li>
        <li class="list-inline-item"><a href="{{ checkout }}" title="{{ text_checkout }}"><i class="fas fa-share"></i> <span class="d-none d-md-inline">{{ text_checkout }}</span></a></li>
  <div class="container">
    <div class="row">
      <div class="col-md-3 col-lg-4">
        <div id="logo">
          {% if logo %}
            <a href="{{ home }}"><img src="{{ logo }}" title="{{ name }}" alt="{{ name }}" class="img-fluid"/></a>
          {% else %}
            <h1><a href="{{ home }}">{{ name }}</a></h1>
          {% endif %}
      <div class="col-md-5">{{ search }}</div>
      <div id="header-cart" class="col-md-4 col-lg-3">{{ cart }}</div>
  {{ menu }}

The above code is similar to the default header code of the core Opencart code, one change is we add the custom stylesheet like below:

  <link href="extension/webocreation4/catalog/view/stylesheet/stylesheet.css" type="text/css" rel="stylesheet"/>

There are events to change the stylesheet but for now, we directly add the code like above. Now let’s create the stylesheet.css, extension >> webocreation4 >> catalog >> view >> stylesheet >>stylesheet.css. Paste the following code:

a {
  color: #f45511;
#menu {
  background-color: #f45511;
  background-image: linear-gradient(to bottom, #f45511, #f45511);
  background-repeat: repeat-x;
  border: 1px solid #f45511;
  border-color: #f45511;
  min-height: 40px;
  border-radius: 4px;

.btn-primary {
  color: #ffffff;
  text-shadow: none;
  background-image: linear-gradient(to bottom, #f45511, #f45511);
  background-repeat: repeat-x;
  border-color: #f45511;

With these codes, your custom Opencart 4 theme is ready, now you can add your CSS as per your requirement and make the website unique. Once it is active, it looks like the below, you can see the demo of the Opencart 4 custom theme

Opencart 4 custom themes

In this way, we complete a simple OpenCart 4 theme development tutorial, you can develop a new custom Opencart 4 theme and change the style, and show it on the front of Opencart 4. Hope you liked this article, please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Opencart video tutorials. You can also find us on Webocreation Twitter and Webocreation Facebook. Please let us know if you have any questions or concerns.

User-Centric Brilliance: Unleash the Power of Exceptional Design Services

The current importance of accessibility is indisputable. So much so that it is increasingly implemented in practically any sector. As our dependence on the web and digital UI UX design services increases (some companies are already abandoning analog services altogether), ensuring the web is an accessible place is crucial. 

Before we delve into designing accessible online tools, we want to explain what accessibility is, why it’s important, who it affects, and the problems people face when it’s not prioritized. 

What is accessibility?

Broadly speaking, we can say that accessibility allows anyone to use something, whether it is a product, a service, an experience, information, or anything else,  regardless of their situation. The term is usually related to people with some type of functional diversity and, although it is not new, as the Internet relatively is, it is now more relevant than ever. Therefore, the new generation of technology professionals must be prepared to create inclusive designs that guarantee equal access for everyone. 

Among the most common reasons why accessibility is necessary are visual, hearing, motor, or cognitive disabilities, although creating a truly accessible website goes much further. When designing accessible websites for children, for example, designers must put themselves in the children’s shoes and create attractive, interesting, and colorful sites that correctly guide the youngest children. On the other hand, websites intended for seniors should not contain small text or excessively technical information. 

We have just revealed the content of the rest of the publication, but before delving into accessible designs for the aforementioned sectors, we are going to explain the importance of accessibility.

Why is accessibility important?

Very simple: accessibility allows everyone, regardless of age, economic level, degree of disability, or sex, to access the same services. In the case of public services, such as immigration and health, it is even more necessary that people also understand their rights. 

We must strive to ensure that everyone has the opportunity to be an active member of society in all aspects, including web design.

Accessibility in web design

As we have already mentioned, the importance of the Internet has increased exponentially, especially after the COVID-19 pandemic. Suddenly, everything was done online and people with disabilities could not always access the same information or services as others. Herein lies the importance of accessibility in web design: the Internet is a tool that can be used to spread information, learn, and connect with others,  but this only happens when the experience produces the same result for all users.

For something to be accessible online,  it must meet the following requirements :

Perceptible: The user must be able to appreciate the information through one of their senses; For example, if the website is made up of text, it should also contain an audio option for deaf users. 

Understandable: The content must be understandable to the intended audience; If you are creating a website for immigrants, ensuring that information is available in multiple languages ​​makes this task easier.

Operable: If someone can only use the computer by voice, the website should function the same as it would for someone who can use a keyboard or mouse.

Robust: the website must function in the same way as for a person without disabilities, that is, everyone must have an equally satisfactory experience. 

Are accessibility and usability the same thing?

People often use “accessibility” and “usability” interchangeably, but there are several key differences. Although they share similarities, usability focuses on the effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction of a design, while accessibility prioritizes that all users, regardless of their disability, can use said design correctly.

Accessible web designs

Now that we have explained what accessibility is and why it is important, especially in web design, we are going to delve into the topic with some specific cases and give you some suggestions. We will start with specific disabilities, but we will also address some common barriers that are not always taken into account. 

Important: As with everything, people’s levels of disability vary considerably. Some people are completely blind and others who only do not distinguish colors; A deaf person can communicate only through sign language or be able to read lips. 

Visual accessibility

When designing a website, keep in mind that people who don’t distinguish between similar colors will easily have difficulty with subtle changes; Therefore, it is recommended to incorporate multiple elements in the design. For example, use both the color red and the word “Error” to communicate a failure to the user. 

In the case of completely blind people, including accessibility options that read the content of the website is a before and after. But be careful: if the website includes many images or a menu, for example, you must make sure that there is an accessible version that can also read that information to the user. 

Hearing accessibility

Creating an accessible design that deaf and hard-of-hearing users can use requires planning: using subtitles that are reviewed, synchronized, and correctly displayed what is being said in the videos is essential. And, if the only method of contact is by phone, consider adding an email or chat option so that people who cannot communicate by phone can have equal access to your company. 

Motor accessibility

People with motor disabilities may suffer from tremors, involuntary movements, paralysis, lack of coordination, or the absence of a limb, which can make using a website very difficult. Fortunately, we’ve made great strides in this area by creating custom keyboards with more space between the keys or different types of mice. When designing a website, make sure that all functions are available through the keyboard, not the mouse, since including software that helps the user navigate is very easy. 

Cognitive accessibility

When talking about accessibility, we often forget that people with cognitive disabilities can also benefit from a personalized web experience. Make sure you implement a clear layout on your site, with buttons and tabs that are easy to read and access. For example, a large amount of text can overwhelm a user with dyslexia. It offers information in various formats (infographics, videos, etc.) and uses simple language. 

Environmental accessibility

Has it ever occurred to you that someone might need your services in a place without Wi-Fi or coverage? Or in a public place where you can’t enter personal data, like the library? Offering offline services and the ability to browse without entering personal information makes your website more inclusive. 

Educational accessibility

Surely you have ever ended up on a website full of technical terminology while searching for information about something. Not everyone has the same level of knowledge about a given topic, so creating very technical or dense content about something immediately excludes people who don’t know it. Use simple, explanatory language and go into detail only when necessary. 

It is essential when creating content for children. Children don’t just visit gaming and entertainment sites: imagine you work on a website so they learn how to call emergency services in case a problem arises. If you present the information as you would for an adult, the child may not understand the most important details. Use images, include videos and audio options, and use writing adapted to the little ones so that the content reaches them. 

Linguistic accessibility

Ensuring that users have equal access to information and services regardless of their native language must be a priority. Especially in the case of government, immigration, or refugee services. Having quality translations, videos with subtitles, and language-specific contact methods will include a sector of the population that was previously banned from the service.

Casual Accessibility

This is the type of accessibility that is least taken into account, but it is as important as the rest. Have you ever answered your phone in the middle of the night and been momentarily blinded by the light from the screen? Or, half asleep, have you pressed the wrong button and ended up in another section of a web page? Giving users the ability to lower the brightness, increase the font size, or use a black-and-white setting can make the design more drinkable. 

Tips to improve web accessibility 

If the points we have discussed have convinced you of the need to create an accessible design for your next project, read our tips to achieve it: 

Include people with different disabilities, ages, and educational levels when creating buyer profiles

Always include alt text on images and graphics

Research the choice of colors and font size before making a decision or include the option to adjust the size

Ensures the site has a mobile version 

Provide quality transcriptions and subtitles on videos and anything with audio

Implement a clear and simple design and language

Creating accessible content is an essential requirement. When you commit to creating truly accessible web designs, your audience will grow and more people will be able to enjoy your product or service. If you’re ready to take the next step and dive headfirst into high-quality, accessible web design, Ironhack’s UI UX Design services bootcamp is the ideal choice for you. 

Future of Business Intelligence trends and predictions

Business intelligence, better known as Business Intelligence (BI); refers to all those technology-driven strategies to analyze each of the data that corresponds to a company, in order to provide actionable information that helps workers, managers, and executives make good business decisions. From a business point of view, BI can be one of the best strategies on the market, not only because of its innate ability to increase revenue in a short period but also because of its ability to improve operational efficiency and gain advantages over the competition.

What is Business Intelligence?

Regardless of the sector, the business universe faces an increasingly challenging environment. This has given rise to the need to look for strategies that maintain a certain number of sales, as is the case of Business intelligence.                                 

Business Intelligence is the set of methodologies, applications, and technologies that allow gathering, analyzing, and transforming business data to convert it into knowledge; so that they are the basis when making an important decision.

Also, it is defined as a variety of tools that provide quick and easy access to information about the current state of an organization, based on available data.

As part of the BI process, companies collect their data, both from external sources and internal systems, then prepare it for analysis, run queries, and create reports to make analytical results available to business users.

This strategy has the ultimate goal of driving better business decisions for software development companies and other businesses that help companies increase their revenue, stand out from their rivals, and improve operational efficiency.

How is the implementation of Business Intelligence?

A company that masters the information and knowledge of its data can be much more productive and have better profitability than organizations that do not keep their data in order.

To use this tool and gain an advantage over the competition, organizations must distinguish strategies, technologies, enterprise software development services, and roles that refine their brand approach.

Currently, many companies implement plans based on Business Intelligence, which allows them to carry out their tasks in an agile way and make precise decisions. However, it is necessary to have a solid foundation and define requirements.

The steps to implement Business Intelligence include: 

  • Determine critical processes.
  • Define roles.
  • Specify metrics and indicators.
  • Identify sources of information.
  • Delimit architecture and technology.
  • Design panels together with users.
  • Manage the project with agile methodologies.

Benefits of Business Intelligence

This is one of the business strategies that resonates the most in the market, thanks to the fact that it combines business analysis, mining, visualization, tools, and data infrastructure to help organizations make accurate decisions and guarantee the future of companies. For this reason, it has a positive impact and numerous benefits:

  • Gather and analyze external and internal information, regardless of its origin or provenance.
  • Improves decision-making by being based on accurate data.
  • Promotes comprehensive reporting to handle large amounts of data.
  • Increases the ability to organize and forecast accurately.
  • It allows you to investigate consumer behaviors and trends in different markets.
  • Provides a more detailed perspective of the organization.
  • Identify each of the company’s failures; allowing them to be corrected and operational efficiency improved.

Business Intelligence Trends

Over the years, Business Intelligence continues to evolve and face the challenges that arise at the business level; For this and many other reasons, as 2022 passes and technological innovations emerge, BI allows those doors to become wider.

Below, we present the main transformations of this commercial strategy:

Business Intelligence becomes operational: With the use of operational business intelligence, also known as operational BI, data is collected from different sources, including user behavior and supply chain suspensions.

More accessible data: with the arrival of new functions, aimed at making data more accessible, BI had an advantage in terms of growth, because previously data analysis had remained in the hands of private profiles.

Information cloud: one of the most notable trends in BI is its adoption of cloud software, which requires information technology (IT) teams to continue operating and providing income to key business applications. .

Rise of Analytics: The enhancement of analytics promises an exciting future for data-driven businesses. Augmented analytics refers to the use of technologies such as AI (artificial intelligence) and machine learning.

Business Intelligence Predictions

Like any other software development, Business Intelligence will continue to grow and strengthen. The modern tools of this strategy open a world of possibilities in which data management will no longer be an impossible mission.

It is important to mention that thanks to the large number of abilities that this instrument has, it is expected to be worth $33,000,000,000 by 2025. Currently, this strategy provides various organizations with ingenious ways to improve productivity and increase profits. As technology advances, the future of BI looks increasingly promising.

Artificial Intelligence for Business Intelligence

When talking about Artificial Intelligence for Business Intelligence, it is normally believed that it is a physical and old-fashioned environment, where gigantic machines process data, but the reality is that it is a web development that allows the use of tools that help companies enhance their brand, facilitating data processing and offering a better customer experience.

Likewise, you can increase the number of sales; Thanks to the fact that there is an order to manage truthful and timely information, which allows predicting the client’s needs and improving communication.

With respect to marketing, both tools are very useful, as they help classify consumers according to their interests, profiles, or preferences to direct personalized recommendations.

In general, by combining Business Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence, strong operational advantages are achieved. Between them:

  • Reduces decision-making times.
  • Improves processes and allows employees to focus on more important tasks.
  • Guarantee customer satisfaction.
  • Increases efficiency and operational agility.

Machine Learning

Machine Learning is a scientific discipline in the field of Artificial Intelligence that creates systems that learn automatically, that is, systems that are capable of identifying complex patterns in thousands of data.

This process is carried out by an algorithm that reviews the data and predicts future behaviors automatically, which means that they can be improved autonomously over time, without human intervention.

The future role of business intelligence

Business intelligence continually evolves according to business needs and software development services, so each year we identify current trends to keep users up to date with innovations. It is clear that artificial intelligence and machine learning will continue to grow and that companies can integrate AI insights into a broader BI strategy. As companies strive to become more data-driven, efforts to share data and collaborate will increase. Data visualization will be even more essential for working together across teams and departments. This article is just an introduction to the world of business intelligence. BI offers near real-time sales tracking capabilities and allows users to discover insights into customer behavior, forecast profits, and more. Various industries such as retail, insurance, and oil have embraced BI, with more joining each year. BI platforms adapt to new technologies and the innovation of their users. Learn about all the trends and changes in business intelligence as we list the top 10 current trends in BI.