MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDGs)

At the millennium summit of September 2000, the member states of the United Nations adopted the Millennium Declaration, which aims to bring peace, security and development to all people. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), drawn from the Millennium Declaration, are a ground breaking international development agenda for the 21st century to which all nations are committed. The MDGs outline major development priorities to be achieved by 2015. Numerical targets are set for each goal and are to be monitored through 48 indicators. The MDGs are:

  • Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  • Goal 2.  Achieve universal primary education
  • Goal 3.  Promote gender equality and empower women
  • Goal 4.  Reduce child mortality
  • Goal 5.  Improve maternal health
  • Goal 6.  Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases
  • Goal 7.  Ensure environmental sustainability
  • Goal 8.  Develop a global partnership for development

Note: Goals no. 4, 5 & 6 are directly related to MoHP/GoN.

Since GoN endorsed the Millennium Declaration, Nepal has been committed to achieving the MDGs. As the primary medium-term strategy and implementation plan for achieving the MDGs, the country’s Tenth Plan (Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper 2002/2003  2006/2007) has incorporated the MDGs into its strategic framework, and has highlighted the importance of improving the monitoring mechanism.

Targets: The targets based on the above goals of MDGs are as follows:

  • Target 1. Halve between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day;
  • Target 2. Halve between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger;
  • Target 3. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alive, will be able to complete primary schooling;
  • Target 4. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and at all levels of education no later than 2015;
  • Target 5. Reduce by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015 the under 5 mortality rate;
  • Target 6. Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio;
  • Target 7. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS;
  • Target 8. To have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other diseases;
  • Target 9. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources;
  • Target 10. Halve by 2015, the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation;
  • Target 11. This target is related to develop a global partnership for development;
  • Target 12. Develop further an open, rule based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system, includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction-both nationally and internationally;
  • Target 13. Address the special needs of the LDCs, includes: tariff and quota-free access for LDC exports; enhanced program of debt relief for HIPC; and cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous ODA for countries committed to poverty reduction;
  • Target 14. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing states;
  • Target 15. Deal in comprehensive manner with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term;
  • Target 16. In cooperation with developing countries, develop and implement strategies for decent and productive work for youth;
  • Target 17. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries;
  • Target 18. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new techniques, especially information and communications.

Among all above targets, the targets and their respective indicators which are directly related to MoHP are as follows:

Relates withIndicators

In 1990

In 2005

In 2015

Target 5

Infant Mortality Rate

108

34

Under five years mortality rate

162

54

Proportion of one year olds immunized against Measles

42

90

Target 6Maternal Mortality Ratio

850 or 515

213 or 134

Percentage of deliveries attended by health care providers (Doctors/Nurses/Auxiliary Nurse Midwives)

7

60

Target 7HIV Prevalence among (15-49) years of age (in %)

NA

0.5

Contraceptive Prevalence rate including condom (in %)

24

NA

Target 8Prevalence rate associated with malaria (no. of cases per 10,000 people at risk)

115

Proportion of population in malaria risk areas using effective malaria prevention measures

NA

Slide Positivity Rate (SPR)

5.1

Prevalence associated with Tuberculosis

460

Death rates associated with Tuberculosis

43

Proportion of Tuberculosis cases detected

NA

Proportion of Tuberculosis cases cured under DOTS

NA

Source:  Millennium Development Goals

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